What creates high pressure and low pressure?
Falling cool air creates high pressure, and rising warm air creates low pressure.
Why is it generally sunny and clear on days with high pressure?
Cool air presses on the earth, so the atmospheric pressure increases. With all of this pressure, it is hard for surface air to rise and make clouds.
Why are areas under low pressure likely to receive rainfall?
Warm air pressure rises easily. If this air is moist, it will form clouds that bring rain.
How does the orographic effect dictate climate in certain areas?
It forces clouds into a higher elevation(i.e. a mountain) near a big body of water. The air in higher elevations is cool, and therefore makes the clouds rain. There is little or no rain when it gets to the other side of the higher elevation.
What is a rain shadow?
The area where people get little or no rain fall due to the orographic effect.
What factors make flooding a common occurrence in Dhaka?
1. Not far above sea level
2. Up to 80 inches of rain fall per year
3. They are prone to tropical cyclones
Why do the people of Bangladesh depend on the summer monsoon rains?
Because the rains bring water to their crops(3/5 of the people in Bangladesh are farmers).
How is Dhaka negatively impacted by the summer monsoon winds?
1. Streets flood and cars stop.
2. Floods pollute the water supply.
3. Schools and businesses close.
4. Diseases spread rapidly.
Why is water a critical resource for the people of Jodhpur?
1. 80% of it's people live on farms
2. They live on the edge of a desert(drinking water)
3. For their livestock
How have the people of Jodhpur adapted to their climate?
1. They raise live stock that eats on the native plants.
2. They practice drip irrigation.
How much of Calcutta's population lives in poverty?
1/3 (5 million of the 15 million people)
Why is flooding a common occurrence in Calcutta?
The canals flood easily due to the large amount of trash thrown into it.
Why is Pune always dry?
It lies in the rain-shadow.
What is cloud seeding?
It is where people scatter silver iodide or dry ice into clouds to bring about rain.
What 2 things make India the largest democracy?
1. An elected government.
2. A large population
How does the caste system effect India?
It allows the higher caste members to get better jobs than the lower.
What are the 2 major religions of India?
What is driving the growth of India's economy?
The Global IT Revolution
What city is the main hub of the growing of India's economy?
What gives India a comparative advantage over other countries attracting IT jobs?
1. They speak English.
2. Low wages.
3. Large Workforce.
What attracts many Indians to IT jobs?
1. Good pay
2. Good working conditions
What is India's official language?
Why is English widely spoken in India?
English traders from Great Britiain came to India and colonized it in the 1600's. They set up schools there that taught English.
Why is speaking English an advantage in attracting US jobs?
They can take night calls and americans can take day calls.
Why is India a leader in technical education?
1. The government spends a lot of money into technical education.
2. They have a special emphases on it.
Why are so many Indians illiterate?
1/3 are illiterate due to poverty and castes.
How has IT turned brain drain into brain gain?
Educated people who left came back with money to start jobs.
Why is China sometimes referred to as a giant slope?
It has tall mountains from Central Asia in the west, and fields to the east.
Where does most of China's population live?
In Eastern China
Who was Mao Zedong?
He brought Communism to power in China in 1949. He died in 1976.
Why did China's population grow while Mao Zedong was in leadership?
Mao believed that a large population would bring China to power. This lead to the population growing rapidly.
What was the Great Leap Forward?
A plan to help make China a more industrialized country. It promoted the production of steel and food.
What was the result of the Great Leap Forward?
What is the One-Child Policy?
It limited married couples to have only 1 child.
How was the One-Child Policy enforced?
It rewarded those who followed it, and punished those who didn't.
What are some of the Benefits of slower population growth in China?
It reduced the strain on food and water, it reduced unemployment, mothers and babies tended to be healthier, Parents had more money to spend on themselves, and women had more time for careers.
Why did farm families oppose the One-Child Policy?
They didn't want to be told how many children they could have.
Why do Chinese families prefer sons instead of daughters?
The family name is passed on, and they are expected to take care of aging relatives.
What are two problems caused by the one-child policy?
1. More abortions.
2. Shortage of women in the future, and a shortage of people to take care of elders.
Where does most of China's energy come from?
power plants that burn coal.(65% of the energy comes from this)
Who is the leading consumer of energy in the world?
The United States
What is the significance of the Three Gorges Dam?
It will be the largest hydroelectric dam, it will be 1.3 miles wide, 600 ft high, and it will produce 1/9 of China's energy.
Name three benefits of the dam.
Clean energy, food control, and shipping
Name four problems caused by the construction of the dam.
1. lost historical landmarks
2. it sits on a fault
3. destroying/changing ecosystems
4. it displaces millions of people due to the reservoir.
What impact did Mao's CULTURAL revolution have on China?
overall it was a failure (people turned against Mao and they went to jail, schools closed, production dropped(lack of workers))
What does SEZ stand for?
Standard Economic Zones
How are these areas different from the rest of China?
Businesses can decide what to sell and what price to make them.
How did SEZ's raise some people's Standard of Living?
It created millions of jobs, and therefore raised the NEW workers Standard of Living.
How have SEZs increased the income gap between the rich and the poor?
The wealth is not evenly distributed. Much of China still remains VERY poor.
How much of Japan is made up of mountains and volcanoes?
3/4 or 75%
What caused these mountains?
Volcanic activity and tectonic movement.
What is the highest volcano in Japan?
How often do earthquakes occur in Japan?
Almost every day.
How much of Japan's land is arable?
Name the 4 main Japanese islands.
Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu
What is the difference between arithmetic population density and Physiologic population density?
Arithmetic is divided by total land, and physiologic is divided by arable land.
How has Japan used public transportation to improve traffic?
An efficient subway and the bullet train.
What is the Bullet Train?
A Japanese train that travels at 180 miles per hour.
How has Tokyo tried to control private car ownership?
You can only have a car if you prove you have a place to park it.
Why do Japanese no longer live with extended families?
It is to crowded.
Why do Japanese cities build above and below ground?
There is to little space to build out.
Why have the Japanese turned to building in wetlands and marshes?
It can save farmland.
How have the Japanese been able to grow rice on mountain sides?
Name 3 problems caused by population density.
1. Sewage and waste poison rivers
2. Poisonous chemicals are dumped into the ocean.
3. Acid rain from coal factories.