English 9 Bessias Vocabulary- Exam Review

97 terms by bazookabubble52 

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ordained

ordered by superior or holy authority

verges

edges

ambrosial

relating to the food of the gods

divining

divination

rapine

forcible seizure of another's property

mantle

loose sleeveless coat worn over regular clothing AKA a cloak

primal

first time, original

clarion

(n) ancient trumpet with a shrill, clear tone; (adj) clear and shrill

carousing

wild, joyful usually drunken behavior

indignation

anger aroused by something offensive or unjust

shroud

garment used to clothe a dead body

omens

signs suggesting future events

vexing

frustrating, annoying

amphorai

large, ancient style jugs for holding liquids

pondered

thought deeply, considered

pillaging

raiding, destroy

engendering

bringing into existence

boatswain

officer on a ship in charge of deck crew

cur

dog or inferior undesirable breeding, mutt

fain

want, prefer

allay

relieve or lessen a bad feeling

abysm

bottomless pit., abyss

perfidious

profoundly untrustworthy, treacherous

sans

without

inveterate

firmly established by long persistence, habitual

homage

formally acknowledge superiority or respect

ignoble

unfit for a noble, undiginfied, crude cowardly

tribute

something said or done to show respect or a required payment to a ruler

extirpate

root out, destroy completely

ensue

follow, result in

prescience

intuition

auspicious

foretelling something good in the future

twixt

between

malignant

causing illness or bad feeling

usurp

seize without moral or legal basis

fen

low, marshy land

wherefore

why

nonpareil

without rival or equal

perdition

utter ruin or damnation--> HELL

ratify

confirm or approve formally

oracle

a person who gives advice or makes prophecies about the future

nymph

a mythological, semidivine, female spirit associated with beauty and grace in rivers, woods etc

nuptial

wedding

bereft

deprived

archetype

a theme/problem in society portrayed in a novel/book. example: coming of age

enjambment

the continuation of a syntactic unit from one line of verse into the next line without a pause

end-stop

a grammatical pause at the end of a line of a verse of poetry

paraphrase

to line by line rewrite something, like poetry, in one's own words showing understanding, rewording for the purpose of clarification

iambic pentameter

a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable

epithet

a defamatory or abusive word or phrase

prose

the ordinary form of spoken or written language, without metrical structure

irony

the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning

satire

the use of irony, sarcasm, ridicule, or the like, in exposing, denouncing, or deriding vice, folly, etc.

motif

reoccuring theme or object/topic

theme

a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work

epic simile

a long, drawn out simile found in epics like the Odyssey ,something that compares multiple things to each other

narrative

consisting of or characterized by the telling of a story

invocation

the act of appealing for help, an incantation used in conjuring or summoning a spirit or deity

soliloquy

a (usually long) dramatic speech intended to give the illusion of unspoken reflections

phobia

fear, dislike, aversion

phil(o)

loving, found of

dys

bad, ill, difficult

eu

good, well, advantages

macro

large, long

micro

small, minute

A(n)

not/ without

mono (mon)

one, single, alone

logy

science, study, account

tomy (tom)

cutting, operation of incision

homo

one and the same, like

hetero

different

philanthropy

love of humanity, especially as shown in dnotations to charity and socially useful causes

misanthropic

hating mankind in general

dyspepsia

difficult digestion, ill humor

xenophobia

aversion to strangers

eugenics

science dealing with improving hereditary qualities (bad connotation, used in Nazi Germany)

euthanasia

controversial practice of mercifully putting to death a person suffering from an incurable desiese

microcosm

a little world; a world in miniature

amorphous

without definite form, shapeless, unorganized

anaesthesia

loss of feeling or sensation resulting from drugs

atrophy

lack of growth from sickness

monochromatic

of one color

polytheism

belief that there are many gods

polygamy

marriage to several people at one time

psychology

science of the mind

geology

science dealing with earth's history as recorded in rocks

symbiosis

living together in mutually helpful association of two dissimilar organisms

ecology

science dealing with the relation of living things to their enviornment and to each other

atomizer

device for converting a liquid into a fine spray

androgynous

having both male and female characteristics

dichotomy

a division into two parts

misogyny

hatred of women

telepathy

apparent communication from one mind to another without using sensory perceptions

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