What were instituted in the 1950's?
What did these plans cause?
(1) Farmers were forced to move to govt. owned farms (2) govt. took over all industries (3) serious problems occured including the deaths of millions from starvation
What did some chinese communist party officials begin to do?
began to question Mao Zedong's leadership
What occured when Mao and his supporters launched the Cultural Revolution?
Mao's opponents were purged-many were punished and many were executed, China was in turmoil for much of the 1960s-early1970s
By the 1960s, what had the disputes between communist china and the Soviet Union cause?
caused a split between the two countries (called the Sino-Soviet Split)
During the 1970s when the relationship between the U.S. and the Communist China improved, what did President Richard Nixon do?
he became the first U.S. President to visit Communist China where shortly after Mao died in 1976
Which USSR leader visited Communist China? Why did he do this?
Mikhail Gorbachev- first meeting of a russian leader and a chines leader since 1959, he did this to improve Russia's relationship with Communist China
Where is Tiananmen Square and what occured there?
located in Beijing (Peking)-China's capital:(April-May1989) thousands of chinese gathered to protest against the govt. (mainly students), by June, chinese troops forced the people to leave killing or wounding thousands
Is China still a communist country today?