U.S. History Unit 3 Vocab

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Alexander Hamilton

federalist; wrote Report on Pulic Credit and on Manufactures; trade as basis of wealth and power

Thomas Jefferson

democratic-republican; believed America to be based of farmers

Report on Public Credit

written by Hamilton; report on econ. policy

Report on Manufactures

written by Hamilton; laid down econ. principle of industry

Natl. Bank

Hamilton's plan to create a natl. bank; argued gov. needed to manage debts and interest payments

Citizen Genet

went to America as French leader to negotiate w/ G. Washington during French Revolution

Jay's Ttreaty

Washington sent John jay to negotiate with Brit,; had right to intercept American ships to France/Brit.; agreed not to war w/ America, give up forts in US, granted US most favorable status

John Adams

2ns President; Faced trouble in Quasi War w/ France

XYZ Affair

French leaders weren't willing to negotiate with Americans; wanted $ to talk of an agreement

Alien and Sedition Acts

alien: 3 laws stating aliens in America could be deported by President w/out trial; changed waiting period to become citizen from 5 to 14 year
sedition: law tried to prevent incitement to rebellion; illegal to say or print anything false of bad about gov.
both unconstitutional

12th amendment

corrected problems of Adams and Jefferson's tie in the Presidency

VA and KTresolutions

Republican legislatures of KT and VA led by Jefferson and Madison wrote resolutions criticizing Alien and Sedition Acts-argued to be unconstitutional

Lousiana Purchase

land West of Mississippi River bought by Jefferson from France

Lewis and Clark (Corps of Discovery)

expedition under Jefferson; sent to explore new Louisiana Purchase and find direct water route to Pacific; Lewis and Clark led the expedition

Sacajawea

Shoshone woman who joined expedition as guide and interpreter

John Marshall

Chief Justice; made SC powerful, independent branch

Marbury v. Madison

SC ruled the judiciary act of 17989 unconstitutional; gave SC power of judicial review

Embargo Act

Jefferson banned all trade with Euro. due to impressments by Brit.

Impressment

Brit. Navy kidnapped sailors aboard American ships and forced them to become Brit. sailors

Battle of Tippecanoe

Tecumseh gathered rebellious NA force who intercpted Harrison and troops; Harrison victory

James Madison

Wanted to avoid war; passed Non-Intercourse Act forbidding trade w/ France or Brit.

Tecumseh

believes NA's needed to unite in order to protect land against whites

War Hawks

Members of Congress who wanted war w/ Brit and France

Henry Clay

Leader of war hawks

Andrew Jackson

Became natl. hero after winning Battle of NO; led US troops into Florida to stop Seminole raids; disobeyed orders

Treatry of Ghent

B/w US and Brit.; ended War of 1812; Established US-Canadian border

Battle of New Orleans

majro battle that ended Battle of 1812; Andrew Jackson commander

Macon's Bill No. 2

reopened trade with Brit. and France; stated that if either nation dropped trade restrictions first, US would stop trade w/ other nation

John C. Calhoun

leader of war hawks

Tallmadge Amendment

No slavery in MO Territory; slaves reach 25 years of age and are free

MO Compromise

Deal that made Maine a free state; MO a slave state

Democratic-Republicans

Became Democrats

Natl.-Republicans

Created by Henry Clay's supporters

Worcester v. VA

Georgian NA's would not mov to Great Plains; case went to SC

Trail of Tears

Journey of NA's from their homeland to the Great Plains

Nullification

Theory thats states have the right to declare a federal law invalid

Martin Van Buren

...

Whigs

started in opposition to Jackson; gov. based on industrialism

Nat Turner

Enslaved AA who believed God had chosen him to lead his people out of slavery; led a rebellion where over 50 white people died

Spoils Sys.

Practice of giving people gov. jobs on the basis of loyalty

Party Caucus

sys. that restricted nominations of the elite or rich during elections

Eaton Affair

Based on Secretary of War John Eaton; marries someone of lower class; Van Buren eliminates him from Cabinet

Specie Circular

Only gold and silver may be used to purchase public land; used by Jackson to aid natl. bank

Eli Whitney

invented cotton gin and concept of interchangeable parts

Samuel Slater

built first Brit. water frame that made cotton thread

Waltham Sys.

Lowells mills in MA; provided houses for workers

Soc. Lag

dependecney on supply of workers

Francis Cabot Lowell

Opened mills in MA; mass production of cotton

Uniformity Sys.

...

Industrial Revolution

began in Brit.; manufacturing in factories

Transportation Revolution

Natl. Road, Erie Canal, Steamboats; new tech. leads to new transportation leads to expansion

Dorthea Dix

schoolteacher who taught at prison; leader for improving conditions for mentally ill

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

active in antislavery; Seneca Falls Convention; rights of women equal to men

Sojurner Truth

Free black woman; held speeches against slavery

Stephen F. Austin

Colonized bg part of Mexico; empresario

Horace Mann

Leader of public edu.

James K. Polk

Democratic President; annexed TX and Oregon Territory

Brigham Youg

Leader of Mormons Church

54-40 Line

US controls Oregon below 54-40 Latitude

Manifest Destiny

American dream of moving from one coast to the other

Zachory Taylor

Crossed Nueces River; Mexico considered it an invasion

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

ended US/Mexican War; Rio Grande as border; US gave 15 million; US got 500,000 miles of land

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