state department official accused of giving secret government documents to the Soviets
emperor of Vietnam who headed the Republic of Vietnam, formed by the French to combat the communist Vietminh (Good Guy)
Bay of Pigs
U.S. involved in an invasion of Cuba, Castro fends them off without much of a fight. However Castro realizes US are no longer allies.
Joint effort by the US and Britain to fly food and supplies into W Berlin after the Soviet blocked off all ground routes into the city
In 1961, the Soviet Union built a high barrier to seal off their sector of Berlin in order to stop the flow of refugees out of the Soviet zone of Germany. The wall was torn down in 1989.
Bert the Turtle
Taught Duck & Cover
Blockade (Naval Quarentine)
When US finds out Soviets are putting Nukes in Cuba, US sets up naval Blockade around Cuba to not allow Soviet Ships in or out of Cuba
an act passed by congress that said the president could not support the Contras; Reagan ignored it during the Iran-Contra affair
Boycott of the Olympics
This unfortunate cancellation occurs as a result Soviets War in Afghanistan
Camp David Accords
A peace treaty between Israel and Egypt where Egypt agreed to recognize the nation state of Israel--> Carter
Central Intelligence Agency
a policy of creating strategic alliances in order to check the expansion of a Communism
A Nicaraguan rebel group that got financial support from the CIA.
Cuban Missile Crisis
The Soviet Union was secretly building nuclear missile launch sites in Cuba, which could have been used for a sneak-attack on the U.S. The U.S. blockaded Cuba until the U.S.S.R. agreed to dismantle the missile silos.
relaxation of tensions between the United States and its two major Communist rivals, the Soviet Union and China
Dien Bien Phu
Vietminh rebels besieged a French garrison at Dien Bien Phu, fell to communism because Americans refused to intervene
the political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control
Election of 1948
Truman - Democrat vs. Dewey - Republican. Truman won even though ppl thought that his integration policies would cause him to lose--> Desegregate the Armies
Dwight D Eisenhower
leader of the Allied forces in Europe during WW2--leader of troops in Africa and commander in DDay invasion-elected president-president during integration of Little Rock Central High School
Underground hideaways that were designed to protect against the radiation of an atomic blast.
Employment Act of 1946
Started because of the flood of available workers after WWII. Established the Council of Economic Advisors. declared that the government was committed to maintaining maximum employment.
was the U-2 Spy Plane pilot that was captured by the Soviet Union
He was a pro-American dictator of Cuba before Castro. His overthrow led to Castro and communists taking over Cuba, who was now friendly to the Soviets.
Get America Moving Again
JFK's presidential slogan
He was an American diplomat and ambassador best known as "the father of containment" and as a key figure in the emergence of the Cold War.
GI Bill of Rights
Law Passed in 1944 to help returning veterans buy homes and pay for higher education
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was a joint resolution of the U.S. Congress passed on August 7, 1964 in direct response to a minor naval engagement known as the Gulf of Tonkin Incident. It is of historical significance because it gave U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson authorization, without a formal declaration of war by Congress, for the use of military force in Southeast Asia.
a policy of the Soviet government allowing freer discussion of social problems
VP for Roosevelt... authorized the use of atomic bombs against Japan
Group of people in the film industry who were jailed for refusing to answer congressional questions regarding Communist influence in Hollywood
Interstate highway Act
1956 Eisenhower 20 yr plan to build 41,000 mi of highway, largest public works project in history
Invasion of Cambodia
Nixon ordered troops into Cambodia to disrupt the Ho Chi Minh Trail and other supply lines used by the NV
Iranian Hostage Crisis
In 1979, Iranian fundamentalists seized the American embassy in Tehran and held fifty-three American diplomats hostage for over a year. The Iranian hostage crisis weaked the Carter presidency; the hostages were finally released on January 20, 1981, the day Ronald Reagan became president.
President who stressed human rights. Because of the Soviet war in Afghanistan, he enacted an embargo on grain shipments to USSR and boycotted the 1980 Olympics in Moscow
John Foster Dulles
United States diplomat who (as Secretary of State) pursued a policy of opposition to the USSR by providing aid to American allies (1888-1959)
Ohio college where an anti-war protest got way out of hand, the Nat'l Guard was called in and killed 3 students (innocent & unarmed,wounded 9) in idiscriminate fire of M-1 rifles
The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The United Nations (led by the United States) helped South Korea.
a United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)
Mai lai Massacre
Mass murder of 400 Vietnamese civilians
National Defense Education Act
it provided an oppurtunity and stimulus for college education for many Americans. in response to Soviets' smartness
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
ruled the USSR from 1958-1964; lessened government control of soviet citizens; seeked peaceful coexistence with the West instead of confrontation
"Peace With Honor"
The final wartime meeting of the leaders of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union was held at Potsdam, outside Berlin, in July, 1945. Truman, Churchill, and Stalin discussed the future of Europe but their failure to reach meaningful agreements soon led to the onset of the Cold War.
he was elected to be US President after Johnson decided to not to run for US president again. He promised peace with honor in Vietnam which means withdrawing American Soldiers from South Vietnam
first elected president in 1980 and elected again in 1984. Campaign based on the common man and "populist" ideas. Participated in the McCarthy Communist scare. Iran released hostages on his Inauguration Day in 1980. While president, he developed Reagannomics, the trickle down effect of government incentives. He cut out many welfare and public works programs. He used the Strategic Defense Initiative to avoid conflict. His meetings with Gorbachev were the first steps to ending the Cold War. He was also responsible for the Iran-contra Affair which bought hostages with guns.
Gorilla war fighter with communist values in control of Nicaragua
First man- made space instument to orbit the Earth--> Russian artificial satellite
Taft Hartley Act
..., Allowed the government to apply for a court order to delay for 80 days any strike that threatened public health or safety.
Policy providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology
a prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the non-communist armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States... Propaganda Emerges from WWII and Vietnam.
War powers Act
Act that grants emergency executive powers to president to run war effort
First man in space (Soviet Union)
Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese communist statesman who fought the Japanese in World War II and the French until 1954 and South vietnam until 1975 (1890-1969)
a direct telephone connection between the US and Soviet Union leaders to communicate directly during a crisis
Invasion of Afghanistan
Soviet Union invades Afghanistan in 1979. U.S. aids Afghan rebels
sold weapons to Iran illegal and used money to aid contra Nicaragua
Wisconsin Senator that created a national witch hunt for socialist and communists inside the United States after WWII
John F. Kennedy
35th president: Involved in; cold war, the cuban missile crisis, the building of the berlin wall, the space race, and early events of the Vietnamese war.
Lyndon B. Johnson
Helped with voting rights and poverty
investigated possible Commie college professors and teachers that were sending pro-communist messages in school
Operation rolling Thunder
bombing campaign over North Vietnam, supposed to weaken enemy's ability and will to fight
"Peace Through Strength"
Reagan's policy of combatting communism by building up the military, including agressive development of new weapons systems
Formation of Stat as Quo Russia from Soviet Union
Red Scare II
russians are scaring us again...we start lookin for commies in the U.S....WHERE ARE THEY!!!!
Eisenhower pushes communism back to USSR
accused of being communist spies... electric chair.
a competition of space exploration between the United States and Soviet Union
the first treaty between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics resulting from the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
surprise attacks on cities all over South Vietnam
President Richard Nixons strategy for ending U.S involvement in the vietnam war, involving a gradual withdrawl of American troops and replacement of them with South Vietnamese forces
Big Three(Roosevelt,Churchill,Stalin) agreed Poland, Bulgeria,and Romania would hold free elections
Brown vs. Board of Education
Decision saying, segregation in SCHOOLS is a violation of the 14th amendment, 1954
Refused to give up her seat to a white passenger. After she was jailed, the Montgomery bus boycott was organized.
gov. blocks the way of james merideth from gettin accepted to Ole Miss
a 14 year old african american brutally murdered by whites. Killers were never convicted of anything
United States civil rights leader whose college registration caused riots in traditionally segregated Mississippi (born in 1933)