Spring Final World- 2

25 terms by reif

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kamikazes

a fighter plane used for suicide missions by Japanese pilots in World War II

Tojo

Japanese army officer who initiated the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and who assumed dictatorial control of Japan during World War II

mobilization

act of assembling and putting into readiness for war or other emergency: "mobilization of the troops"

Hitler Youth

Organizations set up under Hitler to train an educate German young people in Nazi beliefs

Holocaust

the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler

Auschwitz

a Nazi concentration camp for Jews in southwestern Poland during World War II

genocide

systematic killing of a racial or cultural group

Einsatzgruppen

Nazi strike forces that killed innocent Jews with their infamous "death squads"

Himmler

German Nazi who was chief of the SS and the Gestapo and who oversaw the genocide of six million Jews (1900-1945)

Normandy

where the Allies land on June 6, 1944, D-Day

partisans

Resistance fighters

Midway

naval battle of World War II (June 1942)

isolationism

a policy of nonparticipation in international economic and political relations

Maginot Line

a fortification built before World War II to protect France's eastern border

sanctions

something that forces obedience with a law or rule

Stalin

Leader of Russia during WWII

Hitler

German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)

Churchill

British statesman and leader during World War II

Mussolini

Italian fascist dictator (1883-1945)

FDR

Roosevelt, the President of the United States during the Depression and WWII. He instituted the New Deal. Served from 1933 to 1945, he was the only president in U.S. history to be elected to four terms

truman

Elected Vice president in 1944; 33rd President, after FDR's death; led the U.S. through the end of World War II and beginning of the Cold War

Nuremberg Laws

established legal basis in Nazi Germany for discrimination against Jews.

Aryan race

the pure Germanic race, used by the Nazis to suggest a superior non-Jewish Caucasian typified by height, blonde hair, blue eyes

Enabling Act

enabled Hitler to get rid of the Reichstag parliament and pass laws without reference to parliament

Reichstag

german parliament

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