The most impressive accomplishments of Stalin's five-year plans occurred in
The strategic decision that most epitomized Hitler's violent and unlimited ambitions was the
invasion of the soviet union
Hitlers "Mein Kampf" included all of the following basic themes except
The Nuremberg Laws of 1935
deprived German Jews of their rights of citizenship.
All of the following contributed to the rise of conservative authoritarian governments in Eastern Europe, Spain and Portugal in the 1920s and 1930s except:
Soviet aid for dictators.
The regimes of Nazi Germany, fascist Italy, and the Stalinist Soviet Union all shared a
profound hatred of Western liberalism.
The term "totalitarianism" originated
among Italian fascists in the early 1920s.
At first, Mussolini's program included all of the following components except:
separation of church and state.
According to the text fascists movements throughout Europe shared all of the following except:
hostility to big business.
Asian support for Japan's Greater East Asian Co-prosperity Sphere declined for the following reasons except:
American promises of independence for Asians after the war.
The Grand Alliance was cemented by all of the following policies except:
the decision to exclude France from the Alliance.
had no experience abroad.
Lenin's New Economic Policy was a political compromise with the
The Lateran Agreement indicated that Mussolini had the support of
the pope and the Catholic church.
The Holocaust (sometimes called the Final Solution) refers to
the attempted extermination of European Jews by the Nazis.
The battle the ensured U.S. naval equality with Japan in the Pacific was the Battle of
Soviet workers in the 1930s received all of the following benefits except
collective bargaining rights.
According to most historians of World War II, the turning point in the European theater of action came in late 1942 and into 1943 when the entire German Sixth Army was surrounded at the Battle of
Recent interpretations of Stalin's Great Terror have argued that
much of the Soviet population internalized the fears propagated by the regime and supported the Terror.
In the face of economic disintegration, riots by peasants and workers and an open rebellion by sailors, Lenin introduced his plan to re-establish limited economic freedom, the New Economic Policy of 1921 which
allowed peasant producers to sell their surpluses in free markets that again included private traders and small handicraft manufacturers.
Blackshirt tactics before Mussolini's accession to power involved
beating, torturing, and intimidation of political opponents.
Mussolini's family policies included all of the following except
a ban on intermarriage between "pure-blooded" Italians and Jews.
In the Europe of the 1920s and the 1930s, all of the following states were conservative dictatorships excepts:
Stalin's theory of "socialism in one country"
argued that the Soviet Union could build socialism on its own.
Early in his political career Hitler promised to address Germany's severs economic problems
by rejecting free-market capitalism in favor of government programs.
All of the following were factors in the success of Stalin's industrialization drive except:
the skill of Soviet Marxist economists.
Mussolini was able to stay in power because he
made a deal with the old conservative elites.
In the 1928 elections in Weimar Germany the Nazis received
2.6 percent of the vote.
Hitler's aggressive foreign policy was exemplified by all of the following except the
invasion of Ethiopia.
Hitler acquired absolute dictatorial powers, through the Enabling Act, as a result of
the Reichstag fire.
In 1934 Hitler ordered the SS to arrest and shoot without trial roughly 1000 long time Nazi storm troops (SA) because
they were suspected of showing more allegiance to the army than to the Leader of German People, Adolf Hitler.
The Enabling Act
gave Adolf Hitler dictatorial power for four years.
Prior to the outbreak of the war, Hitler's domestic policies had resulted in all of the following except
greater equality for women.
The French adopted the policy of appeasement because they
felt impotent without British support.
According to Hitler's New Order, the European "race" that was next to the Jews on Hitler's scale of subhumans was the
By 1945, Hitler and his Nazis had murdered
6 million Jews.
In March 1936 when German troops entered the Rhineland
Britain and France did nothing.
World War II was finally brought to an end by the
atomic bombs dropped on Japan.
According to Primo Levi's account in "Individuals in Society", the usual road to survival for prisoners of Auschwitz and the other camps was
through some kind of collaboration with German power.
The Japanese life according to "The Way of Subjects" detailed in "Listening to the Past" called for all of the following excepts:
maintaining the principles of socialism.
In July 1941 as a response to the invasion of French Indochina, the United States
cut off the sale of U.S. oil to Japan.
Members of all of the following groups were persecuted and brutalized by the Nazis except:
The dreaded SS (Schutzstaffel) were
Hitler's elite personal guard.
Under Nazi control
life became violently anti-intellectual.
The totalitarianism of the 1920s and 1930s was an even more radical version of the antidemocratic
Stalin (Joseph Dzhugashvili) became the successor to Lenin for leadership of the Soviet Communist party by outmaneuvering his main rival
The most important weapon in the war in the Pacific in World War II was the
The war in the Pacific was referred to as
a "war without mercy."
In August of 1945 the United States dropped atomic bombs that killed over 200,000 people in the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and
The term "blitzkrieg" means