US History Final Exam

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Who seized power in an 1834 Mexico City revolt?

Antonio López de Santa Anna

The state constitution drawn up by Californians at a convention in 1849 was notable for excluding

African Americans

Which of the following did many westward emigrants bypass?

Great Plains

In the 1820s, Mexico invited American settlers into

Texas

Who was president of the United States during the Mexican-American War?

James K. Polk

In the 1820s, New Mexico, Texas, and California attracted expansionists because

they were rich in resources and thinly settled

Which of the following is true about the Wilmot Proviso?

It divided Congress

Which group of Native Americans did Spanish colonists in New Mexico depend on for protection?

the Pueblos

At the end of the Mexican-American War, the United States paid $15 million and left Mexico City in return for

New Mexico and California

In the mid-1830s, both Anglo-Texans and Tejanos

wanted independent control of their own affairs.

What effect did the Wilmot Proviso have on relations between the North and the South?

It increased tensions between the north and south

The Mormons established a new colony called

New Zion

What was the purpose of the Wilmot Proviso?

to ban slavery and other forms of servitude from lands won from Mexico

Which of the following stirred discord between the North and the South?

Californias application for statehood

In the 1840s and 1850s, Mormons led by Brigham Young settled

present day Utah

Which of the following is an accurate statement about emigrants heading west in the mid-1800s?

Emigrants usually traveled in wagon trains of 50 to 1,000 people.

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and the Gadsden Purchase increased the area of the United States by

1/3

In April 1836, General Santa Anna

was defeated at the Battle of San Jacinto.

Which group was enthusiastically in favor of war with Mexico?

Democrats

Winfield Scott faced bitter resistance from the Mexican army at?

Chapultepec

The acquisition of new lands from Mexico raised what divisive question?

Would these territories be slave or free?

During the California gold rush, about 25,000 laborers migrated to California from

China

People who believed int he Manifest Destiny were known as?

Expansionists

What Texan leader defeated Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto?

Sam Houston

Journalist John J. O'Sullivan wrote an influential editorial about

Manifest Destiny

Where does the California Trail separate from the Oregon Trail?

between Fort Boise and Fort Bridger

What was the outcome of Polk's expansionist policies in the Oregon Territory?

The Oregon Territory was split between the United States and Britain

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