world history--persia & greece

22 terms by pinkninja77 

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cyrus

1st Persian emperor; after conquering Babylonia, he freed the Jews from the Babylonian exile; killed by Queen Tomyris

darius

grandson of Cyrus; built LOTS of canals and royal roads; established "Pony Express" message system; standardized weights, measures, and currency

marathon

battle between greeks and persians-->greeks win; a messanger ran all the way back to Athens to tell them that they'd won and uttered the word "nike (victory)" before dying of exhaustion

thermopylae

battle of "the 300"--> Persians technically won, but the Spartans bought time (which saved their city)

leonidas

king of sparta who led his 300 men in the battle of thermopylae

salamis

sea battle between the greeks and the persians-->greeks win by having huge pointed rods on their ships and ramming into the persians

xerxes

son of darius who tried to finish what his father had started with the greeks-->epic fail

hellenization

to "greek-ify"; Alexander the Great spread this

herodotus

greek historian who wrote of the persian wars, amazonian women, etc.

medea

greek trajedy about "a woman scorned"-->her man left her so she killed their children, his new wife, and his new wife's dad

oedipus rex

greek trajedy about fate--> a prince cannot escape his fate of killing his father and marrying his mother

Lysistrata

greek comedy about women going on a sex strike until their husbands make peace (peloponnesian war)

odysseus

greek hero-->stradegist who thought of the trojan horse

achilles

greek hero-->best warrior EVER

helen

most beautiful woman in the world; she had a "face that launched 1,000 ships"

menelaus

helen's husband and king of sparta

agamemnon

king of mycenae and menelaus' brother

priam

king of troy

hector

prince of troy--> their finest warrior

paris

prince of troy; "kidnapped" helen--> start of trojan war

apple

myth--> this golden fruit, made by the goddess of discord, Eris, was the start of the trojan war

homer

blind greek poet who wrote "the Iliad" and "the Odyssey"

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