Mali Fact Sheet - Third Grade

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Third grade SOL review packet, Fairfax County, FCPS, third grade

Facts about Mali

1) Several great empires, including Mali, were located in Africa.
2) Early Mali was a wealthy empire when Columbus sailed to
America.
3) Mali was located int eh WESTERN REGION of AFRICA.
4) STORYTELLERS in Mali passed on traditions from one
generation to the next.
5) TIMBUKTU was an important city in Mali. It had a famous
UNIVERSITY with a large LIBRARY containing Greek and Roman
books.
6) Mali was ruled by rich and powerful KINGS who controlled
TRADE in West Africa.

Physical Characteristics

- located in West Africa
- near rivers
- grassland region
- gold mines

Human characteristics

- farmers
- miners
- traders

Ways they related to their environment:

- The NIGER RIVER was used for farming, fishing and
transportation
- SALT was a NATURAL RESOURCE found in the Sahara Desert.
People use salt for their health and for preserving food.
- Miners found GOLD in West Africa
- The people of Mali traded GOLD for SALT. Mali was an
IMPORTANT TRADE CENTER and became a large and wealthy
empire.
- SPECIALIZATION occurs when people focus on producing one
selected good or service.
- People and regions specialize because they cannot produce
everything they want
- People TRADE for things they need and want but do not have

NIGER RIVER

River used by the Mali for farming, fishing and transportation

SALT

a NATURAL RESOURCE found in the Sahara Desert. People use it for their health and for preserving food.

Gold

found by miners in West Africa

SPECIALIZATION

occurs when people focus on producing one
selected good or service

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