Ch. 12-Exam Review

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OMG THIS IS SOOO ANNOYING

Treaty of Nanjing

made China give up Hong Kong and got extraterritorrial rights for Britain

Opium

product that China wanted from Britain

extraterritorial rights

British law applies to the British people in China

Opium War

a conflict between Britain and China, lasting from 1839 to 1842, over Britain's opium trade in China.

Sphere of Influence

a way to spread influence to other colonies and countries

Open Door Policy

allowed trade in China without other countries trying to colonize the country

Boxer Rebellion

Chinese rebellion against foreign influence

Japan

who China bases their government from

Matthew Perry

asked Japan if they could open up trade ports in their country by using Gunboat Diplomacy

Treaty of Kanagawa

treaty for Japan opening two ports with extraterritorial rights to Britain

Meji Era

era where Mutsuhito ruled and industrialized Japan

Mutsuhito

Japanese emperor who appealed to pride and nationalism

Korea

country what both Japan and China agreed to keep hands off of, eventually fought for it

Sino-Japanese War

Japan and China fighting for Korea, even after they have a hands off agreement

Hands off agreement

Japan and China vowing not to take Korea

Japan

wins the Sino-Japanese war, gets Taiwan as a result

Russo-Japanese War

Japan fighting Russia for Korea/Manchuria

Treaty of Portsmouth

treaty giving Japan captured territories, made Russia stay out of Korea/Manchuria; drafted by Teddy Roosevelt

Japan bombs ships in Russia

the "low blow" Japan hits against Russia

annexation

bringing countries under new control

caudillos

anybody in Latin America who worked for/ was in/ or supported the military

Monroe Doctrine

told Europeans to stay out of the Western Hemisphere

Jose Martí

Cuban poet who was kicked out of Cuba and planned a Cuban rebellion in NY

Sugar

Cuba's biggest export

Martí

gained independence for East Cuba

Grover Cleveland

president who wanted the US to be neutral

Cuba

who America supported

William Randolph Hearst

created the New York Journal

Joseph Pulitzer

wrote for the New York World

Yellow Journalism

sensational exaggerated stories meant to attract readers; only had SOME truth to it

Enrique de Lome

spanish ambassador to the US; resigned after the explosion of the Maine

Havana

where the Maine exploded

Jingoism

attitude of aggressive nationalism

Theodore Roosevelt

former assistant secretary to the Navy; resigned to fight with the Rough Riders

George Dewey

fought in Manilla Bay in the Philippines, had an easy win

Emilio Aguinaldo

assisted George Dewey in the fight in the Philippines, was taken advantage of

Santiago Harbor

where the US landed in Cuba, well protected

Rough Riders

volunteer fighters who were cowboys from the west US, Theodore Roosevelt fought with them

Treaty of Paris

ended the Spanish-American War. The U.S. gained Guam, Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines.

Platt Amendment

prevented newly independent Cuba from making treaties with other nations and gave the US control over Guantanamo Bay

Roosevelt Corollary

signed by Roosevelt that gave US police rights over the Panama Canal

Panama Canal

built to connect the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic

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