an American politician, best known as White House Chief of Staff for President Dwight D. Eisenhower
a federation of North American labor unions that merged with the Congress of Industrial Organizations in 1955
Army v. McCarthy
Incident when McCarthy's aid was drafted into the US Army Reserves. McCarthy went to court accusing the US Army of sympathizing with Communists.
a United States youth subculture of the 1950s that rebelled against the mundane horrors of middle class life.
the policy of pushing a dangerous situation to the brink of disaster (to the limits of safety)
Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist socialist state in Cuba (born in 1927)
the political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control
John Foster Dulles
United States diplomat who (as Secretary of State) pursued a policy of opposition to the USSR by providing aid to American allies (1888-1959)
United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany
He is best known for his 1957 stand against the desegregation of Little Rock public schools during the Little Rock Crisis, in which he defied the United States Supreme Court by ordering the Arkansas National Guard to stop African American students from attending Little Rock Central High School
an American writer of fiction who won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1954 (1899-1961)
Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese communist statesman who fought the Japanese in World War II and the French until 1954 and South vietnam until 1975 (1890-1969)
ruled the USSR from 1958-1964; lessened government control of soviet citizens; seeked peaceful coexistence with the West instead of confrontation
Martin Luther King Jr.
Born in Atlanta in 1929. Son of a minister. Attended Morehouse College and recieved a doctor's degree in theology from Boston University. Started the black civil rights movement. Also gave the "I Have A Dream" speech
United States prizefighter who won the world heavyweight championship in 1952 (1924-1969)
policy declared by U.S. Senator Harry F. Byrd, Sr. on February 24, 1956 to unite other white politicians and leaders in Virginia in a campaign of new state laws and policies to prevent public school desegregation after the Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court decision in 1954
Mercury Space Program
first human spaceflight program of the United States. It ran from 1959 through 1963 with the goal of putting a man in orbit around the Earth. The Mercury-Atlas 6 flight on February 20, 1962 was the first Mercury flight to achieve this goal
United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery (Alabama) and so triggered the national civil rights movement (born in 1913)
United States rock singer whose many hit records and flamboyant style greatly influenced American popular music (1935-1977)
Southeast Treaty Organization: Includes USA, UK, France, Pakistan, Thailand, the Philippines, Australia, and New Zealand
The world's first space satellite. This meant the Soviet Union had a missile powerful enough to reach the US.
Residential areas surrounding a city. Shops and businesses moved to suburbia as well as people.
Suez Canal Crisis
Nasser took over the Suez Canal to show separation of Egypt from the West, but Israel, the British, Iraq, and France were all against Nasser's action. The U.S. stepped in before too much serious fighting began.
The incident when an American U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union. The U.S. denied the true purpose of the plane at first, but was forced to when the U.S.S.R. produced the living pilot and the largely intact plane to validate their claim of being spied on aerially. The incident worsened East-West relations during the Cold War and was a great embarrassment for the United States.
the guerrilla soldiers of the Communist faction in Vietnam, also know as the National Liberation Front