Unit 28 The Eisenhower Era

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41 terms · apUS vocabulary

Sherman Adams

an American politician, best known as White House Chief of Staff for President Dwight D. Eisenhower

AFL

a federation of North American labor unions that merged with the Congress of Industrial Organizations in 1955

Army v. McCarthy

Incident when McCarthy's aid was drafted into the US Army Reserves. McCarthy went to court accusing the US Army of sympathizing with Communists.

Fulgencio Batista

Cuba's leader in the 1950's that Castro's revolution removed from power

Beatniks

a United States youth subculture of the 1950s that rebelled against the mundane horrors of middle class life.

Chuck Berry

United States rock singer (born in 1931)

Brinkmanship

the policy of pushing a dangerous situation to the brink of disaster (to the limits of safety)

Brown v. Board of Education

This case tested the idea of "separate but equal" in education

Fidel Castro

Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist socialist state in Cuba (born in 1927)

Civil Rights Act

This secured the rights of freedmen., it gave citizenship to African- Americans

Domino Theory

the political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control

John Foster Dulles

United States diplomat who (as Secretary of State) pursued a policy of opposition to the USSR by providing aid to American allies (1888-1959)

Dien Bien Phu

the French military base fell after a 56-day siege by Vietnam troops

Dwight Eisenhower

United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany

Orval Faubus

He is best known for his 1957 stand against the desegregation of Little Rock public schools during the Little Rock Crisis, in which he defied the United States Supreme Court by ordering the Arkansas National Guard to stop African American students from attending Little Rock Central High School

Geneva Accords

the international agreement in Geneva, Switzerland

GNP

Value of all goods and services produced by a country.

Ernest Hemingway

an American writer of fiction who won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1954 (1899-1961)

Ho Chi Minh

Vietnamese communist statesman who fought the Japanese in World War II and the French until 1954 and South vietnam until 1975 (1890-1969)

Jack Kerovac

artist and recognized as a leader from 1922 to 1969

Nikita Khrushchev

ruled the USSR from 1958-1964; lessened government control of soviet citizens; seeked peaceful coexistence with the West instead of confrontation

Martin Luther King Jr.

Born in Atlanta in 1929. Son of a minister. Attended Morehouse College and recieved a doctor's degree in theology from Boston University. Started the black civil rights movement. Also gave the "I Have A Dream" speech

Mickey Mantle

United States baseball player (1931-1997)

Rocky Marciano

United States prizefighter who won the world heavyweight championship in 1952 (1924-1969)

Massive Resistance

policy declared by U.S. Senator Harry F. Byrd, Sr. on February 24, 1956 to unite other white politicians and leaders in Virginia in a campaign of new state laws and policies to prevent public school desegregation after the Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court decision in 1954

Mercury Space Program

first human spaceflight program of the United States. It ran from 1959 through 1963 with the goal of putting a man in orbit around the Earth. The Mercury-Atlas 6 flight on February 20, 1962 was the first Mercury flight to achieve this goal

Nasa

an independent agency of the United States government responsible for aviation and spaceflight

richard Nixon

Vice President under Eisenhower and 37th President of the United States

Rosa Parks

United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery (Alabama) and so triggered the national civil rights movement (born in 1913)

Gary Francis Powers

U-2 spy plane pilot

Elvis Presley

United States rock singer whose many hit records and flamboyant style greatly influenced American popular music (1935-1977)

Jonas Salk

Made vaccination for Polio

SEATO

Southeast Treaty Organization: Includes USA, UK, France, Pakistan, Thailand, the Philippines, Australia, and New Zealand

Sputnik

The world's first space satellite. This meant the Soviet Union had a missile powerful enough to reach the US.

Suburbs

Residential areas surrounding a city. Shops and businesses moved to suburbia as well as people.

Adlai Stevenson

U.S. ambassador to the United Nations

Suez Canal Crisis

Nasser took over the Suez Canal to show separation of Egypt from the West, but Israel, the British, Iraq, and France were all against Nasser's action. The U.S. stepped in before too much serious fighting began.

Johnny Unitas

professional American football player in the 1950s through the 1970s

U-2 Incident

The incident when an American U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union. The U.S. denied the true purpose of the plane at first, but was forced to when the U.S.S.R. produced the living pilot and the largely intact plane to validate their claim of being spied on aerially. The incident worsened East-West relations during the Cold War and was a great embarrassment for the United States.

Vietcong

the guerrilla soldiers of the Communist faction in Vietnam, also know as the National Liberation Front

Earl Warren

United States jurist who served as chief justice of the United States Supreme Court (1891-1974)

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