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speed

Total distance divided by total time.

Velocity

Described by both speed and direction.

Force

Push or pull on an object.

Motion

Any change in position.

Gravity

Accelerates objects at a rate of 9.8 m/s2

Accleration

The rate of change of velocity.

instantaneous speed

Speed measured at a given point in time.

inertia

The tendency for an object to resist any change in its motion.

Second law

F = ma comes from Newton's

friction

The force that opposes motion between two surfaces which are touching each other.

first law

An object in motion tends to stay in motion is part of Newton's

acceleration

Results when force is in the direction of velocity.

final velocity

Vf stands for?

negative velocity

Results when force is in the opposite direction of velocity.

Hydroxide

The specific name for OH-

energy

The ability to cause change.

Hydronium

The specific name for H3O+

base

Releases hydroxide ions into aqueous solution.

thermal pollution

Occurs when waste heat significantly changes the temperature of the environment.

acid

Releases hydrogen ions into aqueous solution.

pickling

A process in which oxides are removed from metal surfaces using hydrochloric acid.

Kinetic energy

the energy of motion

alloy

The specific name for what results when a solid metal is dissolved in another solid metal.

specific heat

The energy required to raise the temperature of 1 kg of material 1 K.

Potential energy

stored energy

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