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Dilute urine would have the specific gravity closest to _______

1.001

Urine is transported from the bladder to the outside of the body by the _______

urethra

The average adult bladder is moderately full with ______ urine inside of it

500 mL

The voluntarily controlled sphincter fashioned by skeletal muscles at the point where the urethra passes through the pelvic floor is called the ______

external urethral sphincter

The process of emptying the bladder is referred to as voiding or _______

micturition

When carbon dioxide enters the blood from tissue cells, it is converted to ______ for transport within blood plasma

bicarbonate ions

One of the most common bacteria to infect/inflame the urinary tract and cause urethritus and cystitis is ______

escherichia coli

Smooth muscle in the walls of the urine move urine alone to the bladder by ______

peristalsis

How does the respiratory system respond to blood that has become acidic?

breathing rate increases

Tube that drains urine from the kidney to the bladder

ureter

Muscular sac suitable for temporary urine storage

bladder

Transports urine and sperm in males

urethra

In males, this organ is surrounded by the prostate

bladder

Inflammation on this organ is called cystitis

bladder

The medial indentation where the ureter, blood vessels, and nerves are connected to the kidney is called the renal _____

hillum

There are three regions of the kidney; the outermost region is known as the renal ______

cortex

The blood vessel carrying blood from the aorta into the kidney is the renal _______

artery

Specific gravity is the term used to compare how much heavier urine is than distilled ____

water

The involuntary sphincter that keeps the urethra closed when urine is not being passed is called the ______ urethral ____

internal, sphincter

The inability to voluntarily control the external urethral sphincter is known as _______

incontinence

Renal pyramids are separated by extensions of cortex-like tissue called the renal _____

columns

The functional unit of a kidney that filters blood and forms urine is the ______

nephron

The three processes occurring in the nephron that lead to the formation of urine are glomerular ______, tubular ______ and tubular ______

filtration, secretion, reabsorption

Urine pH is usually around a pH of ______

6

The smooth triangular region of the bladder base that is outlined by the openings of the two ureters and the urethra is called the _______

trigone

About two-thirds of the body fluid is found within the living cells; this fluid is called the _______ fluid

intracellular

A strong acid will dissociate and liberate more _____ ions in water than a weak acid

hydrogen

The abnormal condition that results from the lack of ADH release, causing huge amounts of very dilute urine to be voided, is called ______ insipidus

diabetes

The need to urinate frequently at night, which plagues over 50% of the elderly is called ______

nocturia

The blood vessel directly feeding the glomerulus with blood form the cortical radiate artery is the _______

afferent arteriole

The process that removes ions such as potassium and hydrogen from the blood and places them into the nephron for removal from the body as urine in known as tubular _____

secretion

Sodium ion content of the extracellular fluid (EFC) is largely regulated by an adrenal cortex hormone called ______

aldosterone

Highly sensitive cells known as osmoreceptors within the hypothalamus that react to changes in blood composition cause the release of ______ hormone

ADH

The primary urinary symptom of Addison's disease (hypoaldosteronism) is called ______

polyuria

Arterial blood pH between 7.0 and 7.35 is called physiological _______

acidosis

A feeling that is necessary to void, which is experienced more regularly in the elderly, is known as _______

urgency

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