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overgeneralization

white people can't dance

misconception

George Washington's teeth were made of wood

false analogy

people are like dogs. they respond best to clear discipline

false premises

if the streets are wet, it has rained recently. the streets are wet. therefore it has rained recently

circular reasoning

you can't give me a C. I'm and A student

extremism

either you're a Muslim who believes in terrorism or you're not a Muslim

ethics

think of the children! we can't send that single mother off to prison for embezzling the hospital funds

evidence of proof

this apple is red, therefore all apples are red

relative vs. absolute

it's cold outside!

misuse of statistics

when you drop the people who haven't found work in over a year, the unemployment rate is only 5%!

jumping to conclusions

Susan failed biology 101. Herman failed biology 101. Egbert failed biology 101. I therefore conclude that most students who take biology 101 will fail it

mindset

seatbelts are stupid

closed mindedness

I've never like pate in the past so I won't ever try it again

emotion vs. reason

I don't care what the tests say, my daughter is smarter than yours'

ignoring the point

eating fish is bad for our brain because the word fish sounds like foolish

non sequitur

Q: how many surrealists does it take to change a light bulb?
A: fish

red herring

I think there is a great merit in making the requirements stricter for the graduate students. I recommend that you support it too. after all, we are in a budget crisis and we do not want our salaries affected

straw man

you want to spend less on education. do you really want to cripple this country's fortune?

appeal to force

if you don't accept that the sun orbits the Earth, rather than the other way around, the you'll be excommunicated from the church

argumentum and consequetiam

humans will travel faster than light: faster-than-light travel would be beneficial for space travel

appeal to sentiment

what would your mother say if you argued from an appeal to sentiment?

ad hominem

you claim that this man is innocent, but you cannot be trusted since you are a criminal as well

argument from ignorance/silence

if there really were a large and unusual type of animal in Loch Ness, then we would have undeniable evidence of it by now

possibility of truth or falsity

oxygen treatments make grades go up

dissolving into truth or falsity

-

deliberate ignorance

the earth is flat

argumentum ad nauseam

Saddam Hussein was WMD in Iraq because in the last few months there are so many articles in different newspapers saying that he has them

begging the question

if such actions were not illegal, then they would not be prohibited by the law

tautology

all mammals bear live young, and milk to their babies, but the platypus lays eggs. therefore, the platypus is not a mammal

arguing in a circle

aristocracy is the best form of government because the best form of government if that which has strong aristocratic leadership

poisoning the well

before turning the floor over to my opponent, I ask you to remember that those who oppose my plans do not have the best wishes of the university at heart

arguing by redefinition

dad: we're here! this is our dream vacation in Disney world!
kids: this isn't Disney world. this is a Laundromat
dad: well... it's still our dream vacation

double blind

when did you stop beating your dog?

complex question

how can we save our country from the bureaucratic dictatorship, the corruption and the creeping socialism of the present administration? only one way: vote independent

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