Eggers History 9 Ch. 7

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Jeffrey Amherst

British General that held the Indians in contempt and discontinued the supplying of them

Pontiac

Gathered Ottawa and eighteen other tribes to attack forts across the Frontier

Bushy Run

Where the British defeated Pontiac

Proclamation of 1763

Made Appalachian Mountains the western limit for settlement

Redcoats

Policed coastal towns

Quartering Act

Forced colonies to pay for soldiers in their colony

George Grenville

Taxed colonies to help Britain financially

Sugar Act

Cut the tax of the Molasses Act

Daniel Dulany

Felt that the Sugar Act was well within the rights of Parliament

American Revenue Act

Official name of the Sugar Act

Stamp Act

a tax that the British Parliament placed on newspapers and official documents sold in the American colonies

John Dickenson

Made the Distinction between internal and external taxes

External Tax

Trade between the colonies and other places

Internal tax

Duties collected within the colonies

Sons of Liberty

Colonial rebel group that organized boycotts of British goods

Stamp Act Congress

Group of colonial elite that feared the rebellions would turn on them. Wrote the Decalaration of Rights and Grievances, which protested the Stamp Act while staying loyal to the crown

Virtual Representation

Parliament's argument against no taxation without representation. Stated that each member of Parliament represents the entire country

William Pitt

Was excited that the Americans were resisting

Edmund Burke

Felt that the colonies were defenders of British tradition

John Wilkes

English reformer who published attacks on George III and supported the rights of the American colonists (1727-1797)

George III

New King. Unlike George I and II, he was interested in governing England

Declaratory Act

Stated that England could make laws in the colonies

Charles Townshend

In order to become prime minister, attempted to lower British citizens' taxes and make up for it by raising colonial citizens' taxes

Townshend Duties

Taxes on all non-colonial goods

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