Chapter 28

26 terms by plan021 

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Eisenhower's secretary of state was

John Foster Dulles

The Baruch Plan called for the United States to unilaterally destroy its stockpile of nuclear weapons

False

In 1949 Communist forces took control of China

True

In the Korean War, the Chinese threatened a massive invasion of Korea if the United States

invaded North Korea

During the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in 1954, the U.S. provided air strikes in support of French troops

False

____________ eventually ended the Soviet blockade of Berlin in 1949

A massive airlift

After World War II, the United States spent billions helping to rebuild the Soviet Union

False

The passage of the National Security Act in 1947

acted to coordinate and unify America's military establishment

_________ was Harry Truman's secretary of state at the beginning of the Cold War

George C. Marshall

Senator Joseph McCarthy gained great credibility during the Red Scare of the 1950s because of his scrupulous attention to validated facts concerning Communist espionage activities in the United States

False

The leader of the Dixiecrats in the election of the 1948 was

Strom Thurmond

The defense policy statement known as NSC-68

advocated a massive expansion of the American military

George Kennan's "containment" policy

proposed American vigilance regarding Soviet expansionist tendencies.

A significant aspect of the American response to the Communist triumph in China was its

decision to focus on Japan as its major Asian ally

The fundamental disagreement at the beginning of the Cold War involved the question of

who would control postwar Europe

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

were executed for passing American atomic secrets to the Soviet Union

The leading figure of the Red Scare of the early 1950s was

Joseph McCarthy

The Marshall Plan was a great political and economic success for the United States

True

The Marshall Plan proposed

the infusion of massive amounts of American capital in Western Europe

At the beginning of the Korean War, North Korea was

strongly supported by the Soviet Union

Overall, the Marshall Plan

generated a broad industrial recovery in Western Europe

The Truman Doctrine was developed as a response to problems in

Italy

When the Soviet Union shot down a United States spy plane in 1960, the event became known as the

U-2

By convincing the Soviets of the firm intentions of the United States and its allies, NATO had the effect of de-escalating the Cold War

False

The National Security Act of 1947 established the

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

Stalin was succeeded by

Nikita Khrushchev

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