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calkins

first female president of both the American psychological association and the American philosophical association

darwin

survival of the fittest; theory of evolution

dix

reform of mental hospitals in the USA

freud

psychoanalytical approach to psychology

hall

founded the American journal of psychology and in 1892 was appointed as the first president of the APA

james

established the first psych lab in the US and wrote a textbook for psych even though he was an MD

pavlov

the dog, spit and bell- classical conditioning

rogers

humanism- little acorns to big oaks

skinner

operant conditioning- skinner box and training

watson

established that emotions could be conditioned, classical conditioning, only observable behavior worthy of study

washburn

used her experimental studies in animal behavior and cognition to present her idea that mental (not just behavioral) events are legitimate and important psychological areas for study in her book, The Animal Mind. this went against the established doctrine in academic psychology that the mental was not observable and therefore not appropriate for serious scientific investigation

wundt

established the first psychology lab in Germany- first one ever

gage

tapping rod through the head

broca

tan- left temporal lobe= production of language

wernicke

left temporal lobe= interpretation of speech

sperry

split brain for epilepsy

gazzaniga

did experiments with sperry on the split brain

fechner

psychophysics; devices used in measuring sensations

hubel and wiesel

co-recipients of the 1981 nobel peace prize in physiology or medicine for their discoveries involving information processing in the visual system

weber

weber's law- just noticeable difference between various stimuli

hilgard

research on hypnosis, especially with regard to pain control

ainsworth

researched the effects of maternal separation on child development- secure vs. insecure attachment

bandura

social learning theory/ modeling behavior (bobo doll)

garcia

taste aversion conditioning experiments with rats

rescoria

work centers on the nature of elementary associative learning processes, especially as exemplified by Pavlovian conditioning and instrumental training

thorndike

law of effect- if good keep doing it

tolman

coined the term/concept of latent learning

baumrind

named the parenting styles- authoritarian, permissive, authoritative

erikson

stages of psycho-social development- i.e. generatively vs. stagnation; identity crisis

freud

stages of development- oral, anal, phallic, etc., manifest/latent content of dreams, defense mechanisms

piaget

stages of development- concrete operation, etc

giligan

specialized and wrote books on girls development

harlow

wire vs. soft monkey- attachment

kohlberg

moral development- preconventional, conventional, post conventional

Lorenz

imprinting (humans don't)- "fly away home"

vygotsky

easly psychologists who investigated the role of culture in child development

ebbinghaus

memorization of non-sense words vs. meanings

chomsky

prewired for language- use it or lose it

kohler

insight- sultan the chimp

loftus

reconstructive memory; eye witness testimony

miller

short term memory can hold seven items

james-lange

physical reaction leads to emotional reaction

canon-bard

physical reaction and emotional reaction are simultaneous

schachter-singer

two factor theory- physical reaction and emotional reaction are simultaneous and you have to label it

selye

GAS-alarm, resistance, exhaustion

maslow

hierarchy of needs, humanistic psychology

kinsey

reports on sexual behaviors; research on human sexuality, foundational to the modern field of sexology, provoked controversy in the 1940s and 1950s

adler

inferiority/superiority complexes

costa and mccrae

CANOE; traits in personality

jung

myers-briggs modeled on his work; coined extrovert/introvert; psychodynamic

rogers

rethinking how we deal with the challenges of life/little acorns to big oaks- humanist

rosenhan

pseudo-schizophrenic study on reliability of diagnosis

beck

father of cognitive therapy

ellis

rational emotive behavioral therapy (REBT)

cover jones

little peter and reversing classical conditioning to extinguish fears

wolpe

systematic desensitization in the treatment of anxiety disorders

asch

line experiment and conformity

festinger

author of cognitive dissonance theory- adjust how we think to how we act

milgram

obedience experiment with the shocking machine

zimbardo

prison experiment and situational factors that influence behavior

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