AP Psychology End Review: Neurotransmitters

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Acetylcholine ACh

Critical to motor movement (Deliver messages from neurons to muscles)
Learning
Memory
Deficits Create Alzheimer's Disease

Dopamine

Motor Movement
Alertness, Attention
Deficit: Parkinson's disease
Excess: Schitzophrenia

Endorphins

Pain control , stress reduction
feelings of pleasure
"Natural Opiates"
Deficit: May make susceptible to addiction

Deficits Create Alzheimer's Disease

Acetylcholine ACh

Excess: Schitzophrenia

Dopamine

Deficit: Parkinson's disease

Dopamine

Deficit: May make susceptible to addiction

Endorphins

GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid)

Dear god what a name...
brain's major inhibitory neurotransmitter
Deficit: Seizures, Insomnia

Deficit: Seizures, Insomnia

GABA

Glutamate

Brain's major excitatory neurotransmitters
Creates links between neurons that form basis of learning, long-term memory
Deficit:Depressed mood

Deficit:Depressed mood

Glutamate

Norepinephrine (Nonadrenaline)

fight of flight
controls alertness, arousal
elevates heart rate, circulation, respiration, etc.
Mood Elevation
Deficit: depressed mood

Deficit: depressed mood

Norepinephrine (Nonadrenaline)

Serotonin

Mood regulation
hunger , sleep
Deficit: depressed mood

Deficit: depressed mood

Serotonin. SSRI's (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) used to treat depression.

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