MAA 2 chapter 12 13 14

114 terms by mrc13b2006 

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bronchioles

small branches of the tubes leading into the lungs

aplastic anemia

failure of blood cell production due to absence of formation of cells in the bone marrow

interferons

anti-viral proteins secreted by t cells

cervic/o

neck

-pathy

disease

diaphragm

muscle separating the chest and abdomen(s)

thalassemia

inherited defect in ability to produce hemoblobin(s)

plasma cells

transformed B cells that secrete antibodies

lymphaden/o

lymph node

inter-

between

aveolus

air sac in the lung

pernicious anemia

lack of mature RBCs due to inability to absorb vitamin b12 into the body

axill/o

armpit

-oid

resembling

palatine tonsil

one pair of masses of lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx

epiglottis

lid-like piece of cartilage covering the larynx

hemochromatosis

excessive deposits of iron throughout the body

splen/o

spleen

-megaly

enlargement

nares

openings through the nose carrying air into the air passageways

larynx

voice box

acute lymphocytic leukemia

pallor, shortness of breath, infection, bleeding gums, predominance of immature and abnormally function leukocytes and low numbers of mature neutrophils

-edema

swelling

-poiesis

formation

hemophilia

excessive bleeding caused by congenital lack of Factor VIII of IX

bronchiectasis

widening of the bronchial tubes

neutropenia

deficiency in number of WBCs

neck

location of cervical nodes

toxins

poisons(antigens)

dyspnea

difficult, painful breathing

erythroblast

immature RBC

thrombocytopenia

deficiency of clotting cells

chest

location of the mediastinal nodes

cytotoxic cells

t-cell lymphocytes that directly kill foriegn cells; t8 cells

anosmia

absence of a sense of smell

myeloid

derived from bone marrow

coagulation

process of clotting

suppressor T cells

t-cells lymphocytes that inhibit the activity of B cell lymphocytes

pyothorax

pus in the chest(between the membranes around the lung)

hemolysis

breakdown of recipient's RBCs when incompatible blood are mixed

macrophage

large cell that engulfs foreign material and worn RBCs

immunoglobulins

antibodies-- IgG, IgE, IgM, IgD

expiration

breathing out(exhalation)

tracheotomy

incision of the windpipe

iron-deficiency anemia

sideropenia occurs causing deficient production of hemoglobin

neutrophil

WBC that destroy foreign material by phagocytosis

helper t cells

t-cell lymphocytes; aid b cells and antibody production; t4 cells

hemolytic anemia

reduction in RBCs due to excessive cell destruction

thoracotomy

incision of the chest

electrphoresis

method of separating out plasma and proteins by electrical charge

platelet

clotting cell

lymph capillaries

tiniest of lymph vessels

thym/o

thymus gland

epiglottis

flap of cartilage over the windpipe

antigens

foreign material that invades the body

poikilocytosis

abnormal shape of RBCs, disorder of red blood cell morphology

right lymphatic duct

large lymph vessel in the chest that drains lymph from right upper part of the body

immun/o

protection

pharyngeal

pertaining to the throat

bilirubin

pigment produced from hemoglobin when RBCs are destroyed(s)

leukapheresis

separation of WBCs

interstitual fluid

fluid that lies between cells and becomes lymph as it enters lymph capillaries

laryngeal

pertaining to the voice box

pneumonectomy

resection of a lung

hematopoietic stem cell

an undifferential blood cell

heparin

anticoagulant found in tissues and blood

groin

location for inguinal nodes

pleuritis

inflammation of the membrane lining of the lungs

bronchiollitis

inflammation of the small broncial tubes

armpit

location of axillary nodes

hypercapnia

condition of increased carbon dioxide in the blood

eosinophil

WBC with reddish granules;numbers increase in allergic reactions

lymph nodes

stationary lymph tissue along the path of lymph vessles

cilia

this hairs attached to the mucous membrane epithelium lining the respiratory tract

inguin/o

groin

mediastinum

space in the chest between the lungs

fibrin

protein threads that form the basis of a clot

thoracic duct

large thoracic lymph vessel draining lymph from lower and left side of the body

base of the lung

lower portion of the lung

tox/o

poison

pulmonary parenchyma

essential tissue of the lung

myeloma

tumor of bone marrow

spleen

organ near the stomach that produces, stores and eliminates blood cells

bronchi

branches of the trachea leading to the lungs

fibrinogen

clotting protein in blood

rhinoplasty

surgical repair of the nose

erythropoiesis

formation of RBCs

adenoids

mass of lymph tissue in the nasopharynx

hemoptysis

spitting up blood

bronchodilator

drug that opens up(widens) the bronchial tube

thymus

organ in the mediastinum that produces T cell lymphocytes

apex of the lung

tip or uppermost portion of the lung

spirometer

instrument to measure breathing

inspiration

breathing in(inhalation)

glottis

slit-like opening to the voice box

pharynx

throat

coagulation

venous blood is blotted in a test tube

hematocrit

sample of blood is spun so that RBCs fall to the bottom and percentage of RBCs is taken

RBC morphology

blood smear is examined dto determine the shape or form of cells

albumin

blood protein

neutrophil

WBC that destroys foreign material by phagocytosis

pernicious anemia

lack of mature RBCs owing to inability to absorb vitamin b12

palliative

relieving symptoms but not curing

myelogenous

produced in bone marrow

immunoglobulin

protein with antibody activity

polycythemia vera

increase in RBCs

inter-

between

-penia

deficiency

hyper-

excessive

-phylaxis

protection

retro-

backward

paranasal sinuses

one of the air cavities in the bone near the nose

lobe of the lung

division of the lung

hilium of the lung

midline region where the bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves enter and exit the lungs

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