Biology 115 (chapter 10)

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Julie Bright second semester final; Chapter 10

In a set of classic experiments performed in the ear;y 1950's, Urey and Miller subjected an experimental system composed of H2, CH4(methane), and NH3(amonia) to electrical sparks. A few days later, they found______ in their system.

Amino Acids

What kind of molecule is thought to have been the first genetic material?

RNA

According to the biological species concept, species are natural populations of organisms that have the potential to interbreed and are _______ isolated from othe such populations.

Postzygotically

The classification rank that includes genera but not orders is:

Family

Populations of Larus gulls around the North Pole show an unusual pattern of reproductive isolation: each population is able to interbreed with its neighboring populations, but populations seperated by larger geographic distances are not able to interbreed. Larus gulls are an examle of a _____ species.

Ring

In animals, it is beleived that the most common mode of speciation is:

Allopatric

Polyploidy:

is an increased number of sets of chomosomes.

In the plant kingdom, all of the species are descended from a single common ancestor, In terms of phylogeny, what type of tree of life is this?

Monophyletic

Phylogenetic trees should be viewed as:

Hypotheses regarding evolutionary relationships of groups of organisms.

The difference between microevolution and macroevolution is that:

They take place on different time scales.

The idea of punctuated equilibrium challenges which component of Darwin's theory of evolution?

Not steady change, gradualism, or species stasis.

Which of the following scenarios would best facilitate adaptive radiation?

A population of birds becomes stranded on an island archipelago.

The mass extinction that occured on earth 65v million years ago was immediately follwed by:

The rapid divergence and radiation of modern mammals.

Prokaryotes are classified into _____ domains.

2

Protists are all alike in that they all are:

Eukaryotic

Which of the follwing domains share the most recent common ancestor?

Archaea and Eukarya

Which of the following groups would be placed nearest the fungi in an evolutionary tree based on DNA sequences?

Animals

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