At the Postdam Conference of July 1945 Stalin's rejection of free election in Eastern Europe was based on his
insistence that Russian security against invasion be an absolute priority.
The goal of the Truman Doctrine was to
contain communism in the areas liberated by the Red Army.
In order to foster economic growth, The German Minister of the Economy Ludwig Erhard
emphasized free-market capitalism.
After WWII, the Soviet Union
returned to the totalitarianism of the 1930s.
One argument presented in the test to explain rapid American demobilization after WWII is
American faith that the monopoly on the atomic bomb sufficed to restrain the Soviet Union.
The primary reason the United States and Great Britain agreed to Stalin's demand for "friendly" governments in the eastern European states liberated by the Red Army
the presence of the Red Army in those states.
The Berlin Airlift took place in response to
Stalin's blocking all ground traffic to West Berlin.
The North Korean invasion of South Korea eventually brought into direct armed conflict
The United States and the People's Republic of China
The emergence of the international youth culture can be attributed to all of the following factors except
economic stagnation and unemployment among young people.
American military involvement in Vietnam
grew out of the commitment to the U.S. containment policy toward communism in the world.
Changes in the structure of the European society were primarily the result of
economic and technological transformation.
Automobiles became available for mass ownership in Western Europe
in the two decades after World War II.
The most surprising leisure-time development since World War II has been
the boom in travel and tourism.
The leaders of the Czechoslovakia reform movement of 1968 attempted to
make communism more humane.
The Vietcong and their North Vietnamese supporters won a great psycholgical victory over the United States with the
The "misery index" is a measurement that
combines inflation and unemployment rates.
A major factor contributing to the economic decline of the 1970s in Europe was
the rise in the price of oil following the 1973 Arab-Israeli war.
In Great Britain, Margaret Thatcher's efforts to encourage low and moderate-income renters to buy their apartments
created a new class of property owners.
The only Eastern bloc country that responded to the prodemocracy movement of 1989 with bloody repression was
The Brezhnev era saw all of the following changes except
cultural and artistic freedom.
Poland differed from the other Eastern bloc states because
of its independent agriculture and vigorous church.
The economic troubles of Europe in the 1970s.
encouraged men and women to postpone marriage and childbearing.
In the revolutions of 1989, the first state to elect a non-Communist leader was
In order to gain Soviet agreement to German unification, the newly united Germany pledged never to develop nuclear weapons and to
provide large loans to the Soviet Union.
Privatized companies in post-Soviet Russia
usually ended up in the hands of former Soviet managers and bureaucrats.
The Brezhnev Doctrine asserted that
the Soviet Union reserved the right to intervene abroad to protect socialist governments.
The Soliderity movement of the 1980s was led by
In order to deal with the disastrous economic situation, the Solidarity government in Poland
implemented economic "shock therapy," for free markets and private property.
Glasnost under Mikhail Gorbachev referred to
a loosening of government censorship and control of the mass media.
The absorption of East Germany by West Germany featured all of the following factors except
powerful resistance from the United States.
With the fall of the Berlin Wall West German chancellor Helmust Kohl.
offered to exchange East German marks for West German marks on a one-to-one basis.
The successful reform movements in Poland, Hungary, and Czech Republic resulted from all of the following factors except
state control of strategic industries.
Slobodan Milosevic's plan which hastened separatism and civil war Yugoslavia was known as
The first Soviet republic to declare independence was
The Maastricht Agreement of 1922 determined
qualifications for memberships in the European Union and a single EU currency.
At Helsinki Conference of 1975 participants agreed
to refrain from use of force to change boundaries and to guarantee human rights and political freedoms.
Adam Michnik, whose "Letters from Prison" is presented in "Listening to the Past," argued that Solidarity
rejected violence for practical and idealistic reasons.
Among the conservative leaders of "the West" in the early 1980s were all of the following except
The civil rights movement of the 1950s and early 1960s incorporated all of the following except
political terror and violence.
In respnse to Slovak demands for independence in 1993 Czechoslovakian president Vaclav Havel
negotiated a peaceful separation of Czechia and Slovakia.