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run

mass withdrawals of funds from financial institutions

FDR

architect of the New Deal

October 29, 1929

date of the stock market crash

CCC

government program that employed people to plant trees, repair roads, fight forest fires, etc

unemployment

this averaged 25% during the Great Depression

inflation

raising prices, a certain amount of which in expected in every economy

F. Franco

fascist general in Spain

Mussolini

Il Duce; Italian fascist dictator; ordered a tax on single men to encourage marriage and repopulation

Weimar

city where post WWI German republic was created

Mein Kamf

Hitler's literary creation which outlined his views of politics, Anti-Semitism, etc

Munich Conference

conference between France, Britain, Italy and Germany in where they discussed what to do about Hitler and Mussolini's aggression

hyperinflation

a very rapid, large rise in the price level such that a nations currency loses its value

lebensraum

living space; Hitler's rationale for military aggression

causes of the depression

-use of credit
-inability to buy goods
-production cutbacks
-buying stock on credit
-the "crash"
-unemployment

coalition government

a government controlled by a temporary alliance of several political parties

Weimar Republic

Germany's new democratic government after WWI

Great Depression

the worldwide economic crisis; a rapid, prolonged, economic recline

New Deal

government reform projec designed to solve problems created by the Great Depression

Kellog-Briand Pact

agreement signed by almost every nation in the world renouncing war as an instrument of national policy

fascism

a militant political movement stressing loyalty to the state and obedience to its leader

Nazism

German branch of fascism

Hitler

leader of Nazi Party and Chancellor of Germany

Kristallnacht

Night of Broken Glass, night when the Nazis killed or injured many jews & destroyed many Jewish properties

Hitler Youth

Organizations set up under Hitler to train an educate German young people in Nazi beliefs

economic problems faced by Europe after WWI

-Inflation
-Depression
-Unemployment
-Destruction of property
-Trade disagreement

appeasement

the making of concessions to an agressor in order to avoid war

isolationism

the policy of avoiding political or military involvement with other countries

Third Reich

third German empire established by Hitler in the 1930s

The Sudetenland

the Western border regions of Czechoslovakia where many German speaking people lived

Neville Chamberlain

British Prime Minister at the Munich Conferance; appeaser

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