gunpowder, movable type, mariner's compass
medieval Chinese inventions
Li Bai and Du Fu
medieval Chinese poets
Qing (Manchu) Dynasty
last Chinese dynasty; came from Manchura
viewed westerners as being inferior beings (occidentals)
Manchu policy toward westerners
Opium War, annexed Hong Kong, extraterritoriality, "sphere of influence"
Britain exploited China through
France, Germany, Russia, Japan
other nations that exploited China
Open Door Policy
equal trade rights in China for all nations, preserved China's independence and territory
Chinese society who staged a revolt to drive out foreigners and restore China's isolation
land indemnity from China
international military demanded
China pay with money instead of land
replaced Manchu Dynasty
Dr. Sun Yat-Sen
dictator that took over Kuomintang
leader of the communist party who opposed the nationalists
Chiang Kai-Sket could not centralize, corruption/waste, ignored people's desires
reasons for rise of communist party in China and reason nationalists lost
reason communists and nationalists signed a truce in 1937
aided communist forces in Vietnam, supported North Korea against South Korea, wanted to annex Taiwan, food shortages
China under communism
massive military retreat to evade the pursuit of Kuomintang
mobilized youth into "Red Guard" to terrorize opponents in government; fragmented communist party; discouraged new ideas
US president who took steps to "normalize" relations with China
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