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Huang He

also known as the Yellow River; flows across China and flooded the land

Chang Jiang

also known as the Yangtze River that's longer than the Huang He

Anyang

China's first capital city from where Shang kings ruled

Wu Wang

an aristocrat who led the rebellion that defeated the Shang and began the Zhou dynasty

dynasty

a line of rulers who belong to the same family

aristocrats

nobles whose wealth came from the land they owned; passed their land and power down to the next generation

pictographs

characters that stand for objects that were used in Chinese writing

ideographs

chararcters in Chinese writing that join 2 or more pictographs to represent an idea

bureaucracy

made up of appointed officials who are responsible for different areas of government; under the king

mandate

a formal order; the Mandate of Heaven gave the Zhou king the power to rule

Dao

the proper "Way" for a king to rule, according to the Mandate of Heaven

Xia

the first rulers of China were a part of this dynasty

Shang

kings from this dynasty ruled over China and may have built the first cities

Zhou

dynasty that ruled over China for longer than any other dynasty in Chinese history (800 years)

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