Russia USSR Review

Created by phantomOmega 

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33 terms · Leaders who are typically known by their last names are in here by their last names (Lenin, Stalin, etc.) If they are known by their first name, they are in here as such (Ivan the Great, etc.)

taiga

Giant forest. Half of the world's remaining wood.

Lake Baikal

World's deepest lake. 20% of the world's surface water. Threatened by pollution from nearby paper mill.

Chernozem

Rich, black soil from the North European Plain.

czar

Emperor (ruled Russia until Bolshevik revolution)

client states

Dependent on superpower

5 year plan

Economic plan to become self-sufficient. Set quotas.

superpowers

Strong economically, militarily. Previously included USSR and US. Now just US.

Cold War

Ideological struggle between US and USSR. Included client states.

Bolsheviks

Won Russian Civil War / Communist Revolution.

Trans-Siberian Railroad

Railroad connecting Moscow to East Russia.

Chechnya

Wants to be independent. In the Dagestan region. Mostly Muslim. Using terrorism to accomplish their goals.

Russification

Stalin wanted all Soviets to follow Russian culture.

Heavy Industry

Equipment necessary for mines and factories.

Light Industry

Consumer goods.

Glasnost

Gorbachev's "openness"

Perestroika

Gorbachev's "restructuring"

Turkmenistan

A "stan" with large natural gas reserves

Tajikistan

Poorest "stan." Border with Afghanistan.

Uzbekistan

"Stan" with Islamic militants and limited civil liberties.

Kyrgyzstan

Most democratic "stan." "40 tribes"

Kazakhstan

50% Christian, 50% Muslim. Oil. 4 times the size of Texas. Home to the Cossacks.

Peter the Great

St. Petersburg. Modernized Russia.

Catherine the Great

Black sea

Gorbachev

Glanost and perestroika.

Yeltsin

First democratically elected president of Russia.

Ivan the Great

Beat Mongols. First czar of United Russia.

Putin

Current Russian president

Lenin

Leader of Bolsheviks. First Soviet Premier.

Marx

German philosopher. Communism.

Stalin

Russification. 2nd Premier. Ally during WWII. Ruthless.

Romanov

Last czar. Abdicated then killed after WWI.

the Rus

Viking Traders. Founded Kiev.

Alexander II

Freed the Serfs.

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