unruptured graafian follicle, reproductive age group, most common mass
Corpus luteum cyst
persistent corpus luteum, delayed regression of corpus luteum, seen in pregnancy
Endometriosis of ovary
Breast mass over 35
breast mass under 35
most common malignant ovarian tumor, makes hCG, LDH, associated with Turners. same as seminoma in men
tumor of trophoblastic tissue, develop in pregnancy, increased risk with hytidaform moles. Mets to lung, makes hCG, gyncomastia in men (hCG is LH analogue)
2 or 3 germ layer cells, in young girls
Yolk sac tumor
in girls and boys under 4. Makes AFP. Schiller-Duval bodies (resemble glomeruli)
epithelial tumor, bilateral, benign. Makes CA125.
malignant, psamomma bodies, bilateral, CA125
Ovarian tumor, Meig's syndrome - ovarian fibroma, ascites, pleural effusion
Granulosa cell tumor
secretes estrogen. endometrial hyperplasia, post-menopausal women, sex-cord tumor
GI malignancy with mets to ovary, signet cells
Clear cell adenocarcinoma of vagina
DES exposure in utero
benign breast tumor, women under 25. small mobile mass, responds to estrogen
benign breast tumor, serous/bloody nipple discharge.
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)
malignant breast tumor, arises from ductal hyperplasia, no basement membrane penetration
rock-hard mass, malignant, arises from major ducts, women over 50, most common and worst 76% of breast cancer
malignant, bulls-eye appearance of cells, bilateral, check other breast in same spot
ductal, squeeze nipple and liquid goes out, ERB2 association
Peau d'orange, lymphatic invasion with blockage of lymph, lymphedema, poor prognosis
Eczematous patches on nipple, extension of DCIS into lactiferous ducts and skin of nipple
painful breast lumps in women from age 25 to menopause, benign, fluctuate with menstrual cycle
breast abscess during breast feeding from S. aureus, greenish brown discharge
benign painless lumps forming after injury, may retract skin
most common testicular cancer, homogenous enlargement, age 15-35, radiosensitive
under 4 years old, produces AFP, makes schiller duval bodies (like glomeruli)
lymphoma involvement of testicles, older men
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