nitrogenous bases, DNA, RNA....

Created by asheleuel 

Upgrade to
remove ads

14 terms · adenine, guanine, DNA, RNA,Watson and Crick blah blah blah

Watson and Crick

two male scientists that discovered (using evidence from past scientific discoveries made by other scientists) that DNA is in the form of a double helix

double helix

a word used to describe the double winding staircase shape of DNA

uranine

a base only found in RNA and not in DNA, that is paired with adenine in RNA

thymine

a base found in DNA and not RNA that pairs with adenine in DNA. the letter "T" is an abbreviation for this base

hydrogen bonds

type of bonds that hold bases together

Erwin Chargaff

scientist that discovered base pairs and complementary base pairs

complementary base pair

a pair of bases (such as guanine and cytosine) that always pair together

nucleotide

a structure that makes up DNA. consists of a phosphate, five carbon sugar (deoxyribose in DNA, ribose in RNA), and a nitrogen containing base (a.k.a. nitrogenous base) {...note: anything that ends in -ose is a sugar}

adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine

the abbreviations a,t,g, and c stand for the bases _______, ________, _________ and ___________

neighboring nucleotides

nucleotides on the same strand are

complementary nucleotides

nucleotides opposite to each other

promoter

tells enzymes to start

termination signal

tells enzymes to stop

codon

series made up of 3 bases; each series creates an amino acid

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

NEW! Voice Recording

Click the mic to start.

Create Set