To Keep the Country United
The union's reason for war
To Gain Independence
The confederacy's resason for war
Lincoln's order that slaves in confederate states will be forever free. *Changes foucus of the war from being about just preserving the Union to ENDING SLAVERY.
1. Large population
2. More food, factories, railroads, & telegraphs
1.Long supply lines
3. Bad generals
4. No motivation
1. Home land
2. Motivation to fight
3. Better generals
1. Small population
2. Few/little factories, railroads, troops, food, warships, money, & telegraphs
2. NO NAVY
Loyalty to a section or region rather than to the whole country.
Battle of Gettysburg
The turning point in the Civil War. Lee was badly defeated & gave up plans to invade the Union. The war would drag on for 2 more years.
Located in Georgia; one out of every 3 union prisoners died of starvation or disease.
Required all able bodied males between 20 & 45 to serve in the military. For a fee of $300, you could buy your way out of military service.
NYC Draft Riots
The worst riot in American history. Poor whites targeted the wealthy, Republicans, & African-Americans.
Battle of Bull Run
July 21, 1891: Richmond, VA.
Reason: To capture Richmond.
Outcome: The major Union troops retreated; taught both sides that they needed more training & that this would be a long war.
Battle of Merrimack Vs. Monitor
March, 1862: Off the coast of VA
Reason: Confederates were trying to stop the Union's Blockade.
Outcome: Both surrendered, but the Union held their Blockade.
Battle of Shiloh
April 6, 1862: TN
Reason: To capture the Mississippi River
Outcome: Grant & Sherman became famous; the Union gained control of the Mississippi River, but with heavy losses.
Battle of Antietam
September, 1862: MD
Reason: Confederates wanted to win a battle on Union soil.
Outcome: The Union claimed victory & Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclomation shortly after.
54th Regiment- Massachusetts
The 1st regiment of the Civil War that was completely constructed of African-American soldiers.
Effects of New Technology
Because of old-fashioned fighting techniques combined with new technology from the Industrial Revolution, the Civil War lost more soldiers than any other war in American history.
Northern Strategies for Victory
1. Capture Richmond.
3. Capture Mississippi River.
Southern Strategies for Victory
1. Defensive war.
2. Alliance with European power.
Winfield Scott, George McClellan, Ambrose Burnside, Ulysses S. Grant & William Tecumseh Sherman
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson & Robert E. Lee
Election of 1860
Lincoln won because the North had more votes in the Electoral College. South Carolina seceded & many followed shortly.