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|To Keep the Country United||The union's reason for war|
|To Gain Independence||The confederacy's resason for war|
|Emancipation Proclomation||Lincoln's order that slaves in confederate states will be forever free. *Changes foucus of the war from being about just preserving the Union to ENDING SLAVERY.|
|Union's Advantages|| 1. Large population|
2. More food, factories, railroads, & telegraphs
|Union's Disadvantages|| 1.Long supply lines|
3. Bad generals
4. No motivation
|Confederacy's Advantages|| 1. Home land|
2. Motivation to fight
3. Better generals
|Confederacy's Disadvantages|| 1. Small population|
2. Few/little factories, railroads, troops, food, warships, money, & telegraphs
2. NO NAVY
|Sectionalism||Loyalty to a section or region rather than to the whole country.|
|Battle of Gettysburg||The turning point in the Civil War. Lee was badly defeated & gave up plans to invade the Union. The war would drag on for 2 more years.|
|Andersonville Prison||Located in Georgia; one out of every 3 union prisoners died of starvation or disease.|
|Conscription Act||Required all able bodied males between 20 & 45 to serve in the military. For a fee of $300, you could buy your way out of military service.|
|NYC Draft Riots||The worst riot in American history. Poor whites targeted the wealthy, Republicans, & African-Americans.|
|Battle of Bull Run|| July 21, 1891: Richmond, VA. |
Reason: To capture Richmond.
Outcome: The major Union troops retreated; taught both sides that they needed more training & that this would be a long war.
|Battle of Merrimack Vs. Monitor|| March, 1862: Off the coast of VA|
Reason: Confederates were trying to stop the Union's Blockade.
Outcome: Both surrendered, but the Union held their Blockade.
|Battle of Shiloh|| April 6, 1862: TN|
Reason: To capture the Mississippi River
Outcome: Grant & Sherman became famous; the Union gained control of the Mississippi River, but with heavy losses.
|Battle of Antietam|| September, 1862: MD|
Reason: Confederates wanted to win a battle on Union soil.
Outcome: The Union claimed victory & Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclomation shortly after.
|54th Regiment- Massachusetts||The 1st regiment of the Civil War that was completely constructed of African-American soldiers.|
|Effects of New Technology||Because of old-fashioned fighting techniques combined with new technology from the Industrial Revolution, the Civil War lost more soldiers than any other war in American history.|
|Northern Strategies for Victory|| 1. Capture Richmond.|
3. Capture Mississippi River.
|Southern Strategies for Victory|| 1. Defensive war.|
2. Alliance with European power.
|Northern Generals||Winfield Scott, George McClellan, Ambrose Burnside, Ulysses S. Grant & William Tecumseh Sherman|
|Southern Generals||Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson & Robert E. Lee|
|Abraham Lincoln||Union president.|
|Jefferson Davis||Confederacy president.|
|Election of 1860||Lincoln won because the North had more votes in the Electoral College. South Carolina seceded & many followed shortly.|