live attenuated vaccine that can be given to HIV+ patients
smallpix, yellow fever, chickenpox, sabin's polio, MMR
live attenuated vaccines
only ssDNA virus
only dsRNA virus
high fever and skin rash in kids
infection in immunocompromised, transplant pts. "owls eye appearance" of cells
burkitt's lymphoma, mono
chickenpox, zoster, shingles
febrile pharyngitis, conjunctivitis (watery), pneumonia
B19 virus (parvovirus)
aplastic crises in sickle cell disease, fifth disease, hydrops fetalis in fetuses
condylomata, cervical cancer
polyomavirus (JV virus)
progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
test for HSV1, HSV2, and VZV. infected cells have cowdry A inclusion
tested using agglutination of sheep RBC
reovirus, causes diarrhea in children in wintertime. villous destruction and atrophy. vomiting is first sx.
polio, echo, rhino, coxsackie, HAV are part of what virus family?
causes aseptic meningitis, herpangina, myocarditis, febrile pharyngitis
common cause of aseptic meningitis
cause of viral gastroenteritis. nausea is primary symptom. usually a/w outbreaks. short-term sx
common cold, SARS
lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV)
spread by mice
hemorrhagic fever, pneumonia. spread by mice.
reassortment of viral genome (ie, human flu + swine flu). pandemic.
minor changes based on random mutation. epidemic.
causes german measles. fever, LAN, arthralgia, rash
contain surface F (fusion) protein
treat with palivizumab
rubeola (measles) virus
koplik spots. can cause SSPE years later. rash spreads from head to toe.
parotitis, orchitis, aseptic meningitis
negri bodies. has long incubation period.
indicator of active viral replication in Hep B
positive during window period of Hep B
Kaposi's, HPV, CNS lymphoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoa
neoplasms associated with HIV
CMV, disseminated M- avium, cryptococcus
candida, toxo, histo
HSV, crpto, coccidioidomycosis, PCP
cotton wool spots on fundoscopic exam