a sociopolitical philosophy than a religion. It stresses and relationships and is less concerned about after life. Its goal is to promote social harmony and influences China, Korea, Vietnam, and Japan.
in this, people follow the "Way". This religion teaches its followers to be natural and transcend the ordinary. It's practiced mostly in China, Vietnam, and Taiwan.
traditional theory for selecting favorable sites for buildings, homes, cities, and other urban and architectural planning decisions.
doctrine of a person's acts and their concepts.
a seasonal wind. A current of air blowing fairly steadily from a given direction for several weeks or months at a time. Characteristics of a monsoonal climate include reversal of wind direction, lots of rainfall, and along dry season lasting for most or all winter months.
is the state of being free from suffering.
is called the "Lesser Vehicle" ot Southern School," of Buddhism. It's practiced in Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and Cambodia.
is known as the "Greater Vehicle" or "Northern School," of Buddhism. It's practiced in Japan, Korea, China, Mongolia, and Vietnam.
is a blen of nature reverence and Chinese ritual. Mostly practiced in Japan and concerns itself with ritual purity.
the hierarchy in the Hindu religion that determines a person's social rank. It's established at birth and cannot be changed.
the Indus River Valley is an example of this. It's a place where plants and animals were first domesticated and early civilization emerged. There formed in Eastern China, Mesopotamia, Mesoamerica, and Egypt.
gross national happiness
was developed in an attempt to define an indicator that measures quality of life or social progress in more holistic and psychological terms than gross national product or GDP
this Islamic word means a struggle. It's a holy war or struggle undertaken as a solemn duty by Muslims.
"Islamic Schools" or "Seminaries" where approx. 700,000 Pakistani kids (mainly boys) are educated. The curriculum is based on Qur'an.
traditional islamic law
South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Thailand, and Malaysia are all examples of this because their economies have exploded in recent years with major growth in industry.
were a number of sites in Cambodia where large numbers of people were killed and buried by the Khmer Rouge regime, during its rule of the country from 1975 to 1979, immediately after the end of the Vietnam War.
Communist organization led by a man named Pol Pot. The goal was to create a new kind of socialism by eradicating the educated rich, emptying the cities, and breaking up families.
ring of fire
an area where large numbers of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur in the basin of the Pacific Ocean. Horseshoe shape, it is associated with a nearly continuous series of oceanic trenches, volcanic arcs, and volcanic belts and/or plate movements.
a harbor (tidal) wave caused by an earthquake,
an insurrectionist force that fought against the South Vietnamese and the U.S. in an attempt to reunify the country.
was the name given to the port cities in China, Japan, and Korea that were opened to foreign trade by the Unequal Treaties.
lasted from 1966-1972 when Mao Zedong conducted a social experiment where the educated, bourgeois class was attacked, imprisoned, and reeducated. This idea was put in to allow peasant farmers to tale heirs of the Chinese Revolution.
the Tibetan and political leader of Lamaism or Tibetan Buddhism and many other refugees to India.
great leap forward
between 1955 and 1958 Mao Zedong challanged China to surpass Great Britain in industrial output. Private farms were combined to create massive communes. 30 million died of starvation following this movement.
led by Mao Zedong. This world's largest political party fought a civil war after WWII and won control China in 1949. They have ruled the country ever since.
(KMT) directed by Chiang Kai Shek, aka the Kuomintang. They ruled China from late 1920s-1949 when they were defeated by Mao Zedong and his forces. After this defeat they retreated to Taiwan to rule.
was a massive military retreat undertaken by Mao Zedong and the Chinese Red Army, the forerunner of the People's Liberation Army, to evade the pursuit of the Kuomintang (KMT or Chinese Nationalist Party) army. Mao was fleeing attack of General Chiang Kai-Shek.
special economic zones
(SEZs) led by Deng Xiaoping in the 1980s to attract investment and boost exports and tax breaks along with other incentives.
great east asia co-prosperity sphere
the Japanese called their empire this. They believed that their political and economic control over China and Southeast Asia benefited the region.
the original indigenous inhabitants of Japan. Today they number about 20,000 and mainly live on the northern island of Hokkaido.
aka the "untouchables" who are descendants of Japanese people who practiced "impure traders" like butchering and street sweeping.
feudal lords in Japan whose power rested on the military prowess of the shogun.
peaceful role under the shogun that began in 1868 and restored the legitimate sovereignty of the emperor. This led to a transformation in Japan's society and economy.
well-trained soldiers who played a pivotal role in Japanese military history. Aka the warrior class.
powerful millitary leaders/ generals who ruled Japan from the 1100s to the late 1800s.
was the peaceful period from 1600-1868 in Japan, characterized by a feudal hierarchy and Japan's isolation from the outside world. General/ ruling family.
group harmony in Japan
chain of islands
correspond to good and evil.
wet rice cultivation
flooding the fields while, or after, setting the young seedlings
acquired immunodeficiency syndrom caused by HIV and is what has decreased Africa's population
human immunodeficiency virus
the 16th-19th century trading links between West Africa, Europe, and the Americans, involving guns, alcohol, and manufractured goods from Europe to West Africa exchanged for slaves. Slaves brought to the Americans were exchanged for gold,silver,tobacco,sugar, and rum carried back to Europe.
refers to the forcible passage of African people from Africa to the New World, as part of the Atlantic slave trade. Ships departed Europe for African markets with commercial goods, which were in turn traded for kidnapped Africans who were transported across the Atlantic as slaves; the enslaved Africans were then sold or traded as commodities for raw materials, which would be transported back to Europe to complete the "triangular trade."
world trade organization
WTO is the only international body dealing with the rules of commerce between nations.
segregation of the nonwhite population in South Africa
is a species that's native to or confined to a certain area.
massive killing of people.
are upperclass and one of three native peoples of the nations of Rwanda and Burundi in central Africa, the other two being the Twa and the Hutu.
are a Central African lower class ethnic group, living mainly in Rwanda and Burundi.
French speaking Africa
English speaking Africa
also known as the Mexica, is one of the Native American civilizations who honored their city as a sacred place and religious center when they took over the valley of Mexico in the 1400s.
cuban missile crisis
was a confrontation between the Soviet Union, Cuba and the United States in October 1962, during the Cold War. In September 1962, the Cuban and Soviet governments began to surreptitiously build bases in Cuba for a number of medium- and intermediate-range ballistic nuclear missiles with the ability to strike most of the continental United States.
bay of pigs invasion
was an unsuccessful attempt by a CIA -trained force of Cuban exiles to invade southern Cuba, with support from US government armed forces, to overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castro. The plan was launched in April 1961, less than three months after John F. Kennedy assumed the presidency in the United States.
- in South America, they built an empire about 2,000 miles long from northern Ecuador to central Chile. Engineered road systems, bridges, and settlements that connected and supported their empire from their governing center in Cuzco.
inhabited southern Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala. Had a complex civilization, created monumental religious and residential structures, including, pyramids, temples, etc. they built some roadways through dense forest areas. Also had highly developed systems of math, astronomy, engineering, etc.
beginning in December, the winds reverse direction, blowing from west to east, suppressing the upwelling water, raising ocean temperatures.
developed in 1823, in which President James Monroe said the U.S. would prevent European countries from undertaking any new colonization activities in the hemisphere.
was developed in 1904 to the Monroe Doctrine, in which the U.S. declared it had the power to supervise the internal affairs of Latin American countries to ensure U.S. national security. Designed to justify activities and interventions in the region like the Monroe Doctrine.
(Hot Country)- a Latin American climatic zone. Crops grow in this hot, wet environment.
(Cold Country)- a Latin American climatic zone. Frost occurs and the upper limit of agriculture and tree growth is reached.
(Frost Country)- A Latin American climatic zone that has little vegetation and frequent snow cover.
(Cool Country)- a Latin American climatic zone. It is a prominent zone of European-induced settlement and commercial agriculture such as coffee growing.
is a drainage divide on a continent such that the drainage basin on one side of the divide feeds into one ocean or sea, and the basin on the other side either feeds into a different ocean or sea, or else is endothecia, not connected to the open sea.
is a term that originally denoted a relationship to the ancient Hispania.
is the flight of technology and manufacturing jobs from high cost developed nations to low cost developing nations.
earned savings sent home by people working abroad, especially the U.S.60% of the income went to Latin American homes.
is a natural or artificial reservoir that accumulates and stores some carbon-containing chemical compound for an indefinite period.
agricultural system in which plots of land are cultivated temporarily then abandoned.
when ranchers have exhausted the land, they move their cattle on to the next plots cleared by farmers.
(genetically modified foods) are foods derived from genetically modified organisms. Genetically modified organisms have had specific changes introduced into their DNA by genetic engineering techniques.
the thought of having a good home and family, and a job.
the peaceful political and military competition between the U.S. and the Soviet Union, and their allies, from the end of WWII until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.
spread of free trade, free markets, investments, and ideas across boarders and political and cultural adjustments that accompanied this diffusion.
in 1862 it made the new region irresistable magents for settlements. it allowed familes 160 acres for about 10 dollars.
god saying it's there right to settle the land.
(north american free trade agreement) members include Canada, US, and Mexico. Its goal is to reduce tariffs and other barriers on trade between the member countries.
was the acquisition by the United States of America of 828,800 square miles (2,147,000 km2) of France's claim to the territory of Louisiana in 1803.
seperation of races.
protestant work ethic
strong work ethic shared by people of many faiths and ethnicties charactertized by struggle, the economic success, and the American dream.
taxes on traded foreign goods.
animistic belief systems
a belief that animals, forests, geological features, and people are tied together by this. It emphasizes the kingship diverses elements of life on earth.