medical term for against
medical term for across or through
medical term for red
medical term for white
medical term for difficult, painful
medical term for lungs
medical term for slow
medical term for fast
medical term for increased high
medical term for decreased low
medical term for false
medical term for heart
medical term for tumor
medical term for removal
medical term for inflammation
medical term for disease
medical term for pain
medical term for enlargment
medical term for narrowing or constricting
medical term for vomiting
medical term for swelling
quick on set short in duration
long term continuos in duration
OTC stands for ?
over the counter
the GI tract runs from ______ to _____
mouth to anus
capsules tablets troches and lozenges are what dose form ?
syrups elixers and emulsions are what dose form ?
creams lotions and ointments are what dose form ?
po is :
sl is :
under the tounge
buccal is :
in the cheek
prescription\legend drugs are under this drug schedule
the drug schedule for controlled prescription program narcotics void after midnight of the fifth day eg. morphine is?
this drug schedule is NPA non prescription drugs kept behind the counter only sold within a pharmacy
this drug schedule is non-prescrition drugs available for self selection only sold with a pharmacy
this drug schedule is drugs sold outside of pharmacies including grocery stores gas stations conveinence stores eg convience packages of tylenol, halls
what is a lot number?
the batch the drug was made in
UTI stands for
urinary tract infection
PYRIDIUM-phenazopyridine drug class
urinary tract analgesic
PYRIDIUM-phenazopyridine aux label
may discolor urine or feces
loss of bladder control is called
BPH stands for ?
benign prostatic hypertrophy
non cancerous growth of cells in the prostate is known as ?
benign prostatic hypertrophy
this drug class help rid the body of extra fluids and sodium as well as reduce blood pressure
this mild diuretic, water and sodium excreted pottasium retained, weaker than thiazides and loop diuretics
potassium sparing diuretic
this diuretic is used for mild fluid build up caused by mild to moderate heart failure cause loss of pottasium
this diuretic is a potent diuretic causing marked depltion of water and electrolytes used for severe heart failure
balance that is maintained by the body despite constant changes
ACE inhibiter stands for :
angiotensin converting enzymes inhibitors
ACE inhibitor side effect ?
persistant dry cough
beta blockers are prescribed with caution for people who have these conditions or disease
asthma bronchitis or other forms of respitory disease
this class of antihypertensive drugs decrease calcium levels to promote vasodilation, dilate coronory arteries
calcium channel blockers
this antihypertensive drug class potency is increased up to 20 times more when you eat or drink grapefruit
calcium channel blockers
the medical term for accumilation of lipid deposits in the wall of the arteries
the medical term for hardening of the arteries
removes cholesteral from the blood stream delivers the cholesteral to the liver (type of cholesteral)good cholesteral
contribute to atherosclerosis patient is at risk for coronary heart disease(type of cholsteral)
grapefruit juice increases blood levels of this antihypertensive drug class
statins HMG-CoA enzyme
wheezing is symptoms of this condition
MDI stands for
metered dose inhaler
this type of inhaler can be prescribed prophyactically
metered dose inhaler
which auxillary label will we always apply to corticosteroid inhalers before dispensing ?
hoarsness vocal cord disturbances and oral fungal infections can occur when using this type of inhaler
this drug class relaxes the bronchial smooth muscle and dilates the low respitory passages
COPD stands for?
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
COPD is usually caused by these conditions(2)
emphysema and chronic bronchitis
this drug class liquefies and breaks up bronchial secretions
acetylcestiene BRAND name
TB is a highly contagious lung infection, tb stands for ?
people with high
blood pressure should never take these kinds of drugs
(name)are chemicals produced by the lungs and nasal passage ways in response to allergens causing inflammation and congestion
this drug class is most commonly prescribed drugs for DVT's thins the blood to stop blood clot from increasing in size and prevent new clots from forming but can not dissolve a clot that is already there
this drug class will dissolve a blood clot and is used in emergency situations however they can cause sudden bleeding
this drug is used to relive symptoms of this disease CHF
digoxin lanoxin po inj
CHF stands for
congestive heart failure
cardiac glycoside dose forms ?
po and injectable
the heart function as a pump is inadequate to meet the bodys needs(condition)
congestive heart failure
the medical term for fluid in the lungs is
medical term for fluid in the extremities
antianginal drugs are either (2) they increase blood flow to the heart
vasodilators or nitrates
nitroglycerin dose forms(4)
sl spray injection patch
side effects of nitroglycerin (2)
headache and orthostatic hypotension
sl tablets must be dispensed in the original amber glass bottle because they are (2) sensitive
light and moisture
ISORDIL-isosorbide side effects (2)
a man taking this drug class must never take erectile dysfunction medication
(condition)acute chest pain caused by inadequate blood flow to the heart may last up to a few minutes or can lead to myocardial infarction
digoxins antidote is
this drug has a narrow theraputic window long half life and even one extra dose can be fatal
myocardial infarction is ?
DEATH to the heart muscle
a disorder of cardiac arrest conduction is known as ?
medical term for fast heart beat
medical term for slow heart beat
this drug class will restore normal cardiac rythem, alters the conduction of electrical signals in the heart
ECG stand for ?
electro cardio gram
the amount of a drug that reaches its intended destination by being absorbed into the blood stream is known as ?
the life or movment of the drug in the body is known as
4 cycles of pharmacokinetics
absorption distribution metabolism excretion
taking in of nutrients from foods liquids and drugs is known as
the ability of a drug to pass ino the bloodstream is known as
the physical and chemical changes that take place within an organism is known as ?
meaning the same as elimination of waste products through stool and urine
known as the amount of time it takes half of the drugs concentration to leave the body
the nonproprietary or common name of a drug no ownership
patented proprietary name of a drug sold by a specific manufacture
name that defines the chemical composition of the drug
what are the 4 drug effects
theraputic side adverse toxic
this is the desired drug effect it alleviates some conditions or symptoms the reason the drug is being taken
undesirable drug effect but not usually harmful
undesirable drug effect that is potentially harmful
bad effect that implies poisoning and can lead to death
agonist are drugs that bind to a specific receptors and______ a drug effect
antagonist bind with specific receptors to _____ a drug effect
when the action resulting from a combination of drugs is greater than the sum of their individual drug effect (1+1=4)
produces an action that is greater than either of the components can produce alone(1+0=4)
5 rights of a prescription for a patient are(5)
right patient right drug right dose right time right route
the read three times rule is
retreiving drug filling drug and returning drug
NSAID COX-2 inhibitor and corticosteroid aux label is
take with food
narcotics aux label is
do not drink alcohol may cause dizzyness or drowsyness
antibiotics aux label
take until finished
warfarin aux label
do not take asa or products containing asa
no more than __ aux label on a bottle before they start to lose significance
non narcotic analgesics are ?(4)
acetaminophen NSAIDS COX-2 inhibitors DMARDS
DMARDS stands for
disease modifying antirheumatic drugs
aux label for products containing acetaminophen
DO NOT DRINK ALCOHOL
max dail dose of acetaminopen
1 tablet of acetaminophen is how many mg
1 extra strength tablet of acetaminophen is how many mg
four properties of asa are ?
nsaid analgesic antipyretic anticoagulant
asa should be avoided for how many days before surgery ?
these two drugs should not be taken together
warfarin and asa
this is a condition in which tissues have been damaged
inflammation is characterized by(4)
redness swelling warmth pain
ibuprofen nsaid works best on which of these two types of pain
menstural and dental
degenerative joint disease
joints are inflammed limiting range of motion progressive degenerative crippling immune disease
a build up uric acid commonly in the big toe is known as
corticosteroid side effects
moon face and loss of bone density
a drug class that causes the shedding of the outer layer of skin
medical term for itching
a drug class that relives (mild to moderate) pain by reducing the perception of pain
this drug class reducess swelling redness heat pain and promotes healing
this drug class reduces a fever
a drug class that can decrease the coughing reflex
the coughing reflex comes from the?
medulla of the central nervous system
a drug class that causes the removal of mucous from the respitory system
treatment given before an event to prevent the event from happening
this rare condition effects the brain and liver and is also the reason why children and teenagers should avoid taking asa
patients using antidepressants and those with heart conditions should not use these drugs before first talking to there doctor
most commonly used otc for insomnia
BENADRYL diphenhydramine antihistamine
can be used if the patient has overdosed
the GI tract is?
a bowel disease that produces inflammation anywhere along the gi tract
vomiting diarrhea constipation peptic ulcers gerd
this antidiarrheal is locked up like a narcotic
bulk forming stool softeners stimulant laxatives
this product is recommended for complete bowel evacuation prior to diagnostic procedures and how long before they exert their effect
cathartics 1 hour
this is the medical term for open sore or wound
these three drug classes are known to cause ulcers and therefore should also have the take with food aux label
asa corticosteroids nsaids
this drug is used to protect the cells of the stomach lining cytoprotective agent
misoprostol CYTOTEC is contraindicated in pregnant women because
it can cause uterine contractions that can abort the fetus
GERD stands for
gastroesophageal reflux disease
7 lifestyle modifications for GERD patients
avoid lying down after eating elevate the head of the bed 6-8 inches eat small meals lose weight if patient is over weight quit smoking do not drink alcohol limit use of NSAIDS
antacids do what to the stomach and when should they be used
neutralize stomach acids after meals as needed
h2 antagonist do what to the stomach
reduce production of stomach acids
proton pump inhibitors reduce the production of acid in the stomach up to 90 % because they block what ?
the final step of acid production
this is used to remove poisons that are not digested
syrup of ipecac
psychosis or schizophrenia is a mental disorder with these symptoms(3)
delusions hallucinations difficulty processing information
psychosis and schizophrenia is caused by :
an imbalance of dopamine in the brain
some antipsychotics are also used as?
this drug is used to treat anxiety and insomnia
benzo's can also be used as this
the benzodiazepines and other targeted substance regulation is in effect because
the potential for abuse and they are habit forming
depression is described as these symptoms
mood changes and loss of interest in normal activities
SSRI stands for
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
MAOI stands for
monamise oxidase inhibitors
this is a condition when too much thyroid horomone is produced
a condition when too little thyroid is produced
this medication is used to treat hypothyroidism and should be taken at the same time everyday (qam)
the technician should attempt to dispense the same manufactures product everytime a prescription is filled for this drug generc name
FOSAMAX alendronate aux labels
take 30 minutes before breakfast take on an empty stomach take with plenty of water the patient is required to sit up for 30 minutes after taking alendronate
the bodys built in defence system
this is when the immune system attacks the tissues of the body
a condition were the patient is insulin dependant
type 1 diabetes
a condition when the patients insulin production is low or inneffective
type 2 diabetes
noninsulin dependant diabetes mellitus
insulin dependant diabetes mellitus
blood glucose is
low blood sugar levels
high or elevated blood sugar levels
these two drugs and one drug class can alter blood glucose levels
alcohol aspirin decongestants
were should unopened vials of insulin be kept
in the fridge
how are insulin suspensions mixed
rolled in the palm
insulin given in varying doses depending on the reading of the blood
ophthalmic dosage forms
eye drops suspensions and ointments
increased interocular pressure
glaucoma can lead to
2 ways glaucoma drugs work
drugs that decrease the formation and promote drainage of aqeous humor
XALATAN latanoprost must be kept where unopened and can be kept at room temp or how many weeks?
in the fridge 4-6 weeks
this condition is is an acute inflammation of the conjunctiva commonly know as pink eye
is conjunctivitis contageous?
eye drops that cause the pupil of the eye to constrict are called
eye drops that cause the pupil of the eye to dilate are called
the ear is the same as
the waxlike substance secreted from the modified sweat glands in the ear is called?
an infection in the middle ear is called
dizzyness with the loss of balance is called
a whistiling crackling squeking or ringing noise in the ears is called
tinnitus can be a side effect of too much of this drug
this antibiotic drug class has been known to cause ear damage if given in high enough doses over a long period of time
otic drugs can only be used in the ____ because they are not prepared sterile enough to use in the eye
agents that prevent further growth of micro organisms
agents that kill micro organisms
hospital acquired infections are called
this is a major stomach infection and is treated with triple drug therapy
the medical term for without symptoms
FLAGYL metronidazole requires which aux labels
FINISH ALL MEDICATION DO NOT DRINK ALCOHOL
sulfonamides requires which aux label
finish all medications drink plenty of fluids
this drug class can create crystals in the kidney if plenty of fluids are not drank
if a patient is allergic to penicilin it is likley they will also be allergic to this drug class
if a patient is allergic to both penicillin and cephalasporins this drug class will be used
what generation cephalasporin are lipid soluble meaning they can cross the blood brain barrier
this drug class may decrease the effectivness of this drug class
cephalasporins oral contraceptives
tetracycline deposits itself into developing ?
teeth and bones
tetracyclines should not be prescribed to anyone under __years of age and ____
8 pregnant women
when ______ and _____ expire or outdate they turn to poison
tetracycline and asa
diabetics have a high risk of infections of the skin because of?
lack of blood flow to the extremities
medical term for worms
the thickness of a liquid/solution is known as ?
a severe overdose of acetaminophen can be treated with?
the antidote for warfarin is ?
the antidote for heparin is?
the antidote for an opioid overdose is ?
the substance that interacts with tissue producing an allergic reaction is called
this is a severe allergic reaction and is a medical emergency
opioid analgesic=narcotics what do they act on ?
centeral nervous system
narcotics are stirctly controlled because of ?
abuse and addiction
CAD stands for ?
coronary artery disease
which system is responsible for involuntary body functions and works wheather we are awake or asleep
autonomic nervous system
the ans is divided into two parts they are the ?
sympathetic (fight or flight) parasympathetic (rest and digest)
what is the neurotransmitter of the sympathetic nervous system
what is the neurotransmitter of the parasympathetic nervous system?
drugs that mimic the activity of the sympathetic nervous system are?
drugs that block the activity of the sympathetic nervous system are?
adrenergic blockers sympatholytic
what is the main function of the parasympathetic nervous system ?
drugs that mimic the activity of the parasympathetic nervous system are ?
cholinergics and parasympathomimetics
drugs that block the activity of the parasympathetic nervous system are?
the central nervous system consists of ?
brain and spinal cord
an adverse effect of certain medications an irregular breathing pattern and depth