English Vocab Trimester 3

119 terms by Finkelstein04

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Units: - Vocabulary Workshop F Unit 15 - SAT Vocabulary Quiz 1 - SAT Vocabulary Quiz 2 - SAT Vocabulary Quiz 3

adamant

(adj) firm in purpose or opinion, unyielding, obdurate, implacable, inflexible; (n) an extremely hard substance

brouhaha

(n) a confused hodgepodge of sounds, hubbub; an uproar or commotion that goes far beyond what is justified

bulwark

(n)a strong defense or protection, a solid wall-like structure for defense; (v) to provide such defense or protection

choleric

(adj) easily made angry, bad-tempered

cloy

(v) to spoil or destroy an appetite by too much indulgence, especially in sweet or rich things; to glut, satiate, surfeit

curtail

(v) to cut short, bring to a halt or end sooner than expected; to reduce

deference

(n) courteous yielding to the wishes and ideas of another person; great respect marked by submission, as to a superior

definitive

(adj) conclusive, final, representing the limit of what can be done

Demeanor

(n) the way a person behaves, overall impression made by comportment, manner, etc.; facial expression, mien

enigmatic

(adj) puzzling, perplexing, inexplicable, not easily understood

Impromptu

(adj, adv) without preparation, offhand, suddenly or hastily done; (n) an extemporaneous composition or remark; a minimal piece suggestive of improvisation

mawkish

(adj) excessively and objectionably sentimental; having a mildly sickening flavor

mollify

(v) to soften, make gentle, pacify; to calm, allay (as an emotion), assuage, appease, placate; to reduce in intensity

onus

(n) something that is heavy or burdensome (especially an unwelcome responsibility); a stigma; blame

presentiment

(n) a vague sense of approaching misfortune

profligate

(adj) given over to dissipation and self-indulgence, immoral; recklessly extravagant; (n) a person given to self-indulgent and wild spending

remit

(v) to send or hand in (as money); to cancel (as a penalty or punishment), forgive, pardon; to lessen, diminish; to put off, postpone, defer

requisite

(adj) needed, necessary, regarded as essential or indispensable

sartorial

(adj) of or pertaining to a tailor or his work; having to do with clothes or dress (especially men's)

thwart

(v) to oppose successfully; to prevent, frustrate

abridge

(verb) condense or shorten

abstract

(adjective) theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational

acclaim

(verb/noun) applaud; announce with great approval

adulation

(noun) flattery; admiration

adversary

(noun) opponent

adversity

(noun) poverty; misfortune

advocate

(verb) urge; plead for

aesthetic

(adjective) artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciation of the beautiful ______ noun)

affirmation

(noun) positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath

alleviate

(verb) relieve

altruistic

(adjective) unselfishly generous; concerned for others

ambiguous

(adjective) unclear or doubtful in meaning

ambivalence

(noun) the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes

anarchist

(noun) person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority

apathy

(noun) lack of caring; indifference

arbitrary

(adjective) capricious; randomly chosen; tyrannical

articulate

(adjective) effective; distinct

ascendancy

(noun) controlling influence; domination

ascetic

(adjective/noun) practicing self-denial; austere

astute

(adjective) wise; shrewd; keen

austere

(adjective) forbiddingly stern; severely simple

autonomous

(adjective/noun) self-governing ; ____

belie

(verb) contradict; give a false impression

benevolent

(adjective) generous; charitable

brevity

(noun) conciseness

cajole

(verb) coax; wheedle

capricious

(adjective) unpredictable; fickle

diminution

(noun) lessening; reduction in size

discerning

(adjective) mentally quick and observant; having insight

discordant

(adjective) not harmonious; conflicting

discrepancy

(noun) lack of consistency; difference

disdain

(verb) to view with scorn or contempt

disinclination

(noun) unwillingness

dismiss

(verb) to put away from consideration; to reject

disparage

(verb) to belittle

disparity

(noun) difference; condition of inequality

disperse

(verb) to scatter

disseminate

(verb) to distribute; to spread; to scatter(like seeds)

divergent

(adjective) differing; deviating

dogmatic

(adjective) opinionated; arbitrary; doctrinal

duplicity

(noun) double-dealing; hypocrisy

eclectic

(adjective) composed of elements drawn from disparate sources

eloquence

(noun) expressiveness; persuasive speech

elusive

(adjective) evasive; baffling; hard to grasp

embellish

(verb) to adorn; to ornament

emulate

(verb) to imitate; to rival

enhance

(verb) to increase; to improve

enigma

(noun) puzzle; mystery

ephemeral

(adjective) short-lived; fleeting

equivocal

(adjective) ambiguous; intentionally misleading

erudite

(adjective) learned; scholarly

esoteric

(adjective) hard to understand; known only to the chosen few

eulogy

(noun) expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death

euphemism

(noun) mild expression in place of an unpleasant one

exacerbate

(verb) to worsen; to embitter

exemplary

(adjective) serving as a model; outstanding

exhaustive

(adjective) thorough; comprehensive

exonerate

(verb) to acquit; to exculpate

expedient

(adjective) suitable; practical; politic

explicit

(adjective) totally clear; definite; outspoken

extol

(verb) to praise; to glorify

extraneous

(adjective) not essential; superfluous

extricate

(verb) to free; to disentangle

exuberance

(noun) overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness

fallacious

(adjective) false; misleading

fanaticism

(noun) excessive zeal; extreme devotion to a belief or cause

fastidious

(adjective) difficult to please; squeamish

fervor

(noun) glowing ardor; intensity of feeling

flagrant

(adjective) conspicuously wicked; blatant; outrageous

frivolous

(adjective) lacking in seriousness; self-indulgently carefree; relatively unimportant

frugality

(noun) thrift; economy

furtive

(adjective) stealthy; sneaky

homogeneous

(adjective) of the same kind

hypocritical

(adjective) pretending to be virtuous; deceiving

hypothetical

(adjective) based on assumptions or hypotheses; supposed

immutable

(adjective) unchangeable

impair

(verb) to injure; to hurt

impede

(verb) to hinder; to block; to delay

inane

(adjective) silly; senseless

incite

(verb) to arouse to action

incongruous

(adjective) not fitting; absurd

garrulous

(adjective) loquacious; wordy; talkative

gravity

(noun) seriousness

gregarious

(adjective) sociable

guile

(noun) deceit; duplicity; wiliness; cunning

hamper

(verb) to obstruct

haughtiness

(noun) pride; arrogance

hedonist

(noun) one who believes that pleasure is the sole aim of life

heresy

(noun) opinion contrary to the popular belief; opinion contrary to accepted religion

hierarchy

(noun) arrangement by rank or standing; authoritarian body divided into ranks

incorrigible

(adjective) not correctable

indict

(verb) to charge

induce

(verb) to persuade; to bring about

ingenious

(adjective) clever; resourceful

inherent

(adjective) firmly established by nature or habit

innate

(adjective) inborn

innocuous

(adjective) harmless

innovation

(noun) change; introduction of something new

insipid

(adjective) lacking in flavor; dull

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