One main cause of the Dust Bowl - allowing animals to graze too much in an area, harming the land.
One main cause of the Dust Bowl - a long period of little or no rain.
One main cause of the Dust Bowl - farmers' practice of turning up soil.
A _________ in government spending can SLOW the economy.
"Ma" Ferguson offered "two ____________ for the price of one", meaning that she and her husband would serve together.
Overgrazing, plowing, and drought caused the _________.
The League of United Latin American Citizens wanted ___________ for Mexican Americans.
After the East Texas discovery in the early 1930s, the oil industry was in crisis because they _________, or were pumping up more oil than the economy could handle.
C.M. "Dad" Joiner
A Texas oil-man and wildcatter whose oil well opened one of the largest oil fields in the world.
An invention that hugely changed entertainment in Texas.
A time of booming business, lots of new entertainment like Jazz Age music, and new technologies.
A struggle between nations in which there is NO actual fighting.
More women joined the workforce when _______ went off to war.
University enrollment increased after the war because of the _______, or a law that paid for soldiers returning from war to go to college.
Jobs created by the _________ industry ended the depression in Texas.
The U.S. dropped two ________ on Japan, ending the war.
Country that was invaded by Communists in the 1950s, causing the Cold War to intensify.
Framework for Texas public education.
There was a dispute between Texas and the federal government over the Texas __________, or submerged offshore land within the territorial waters of a state or nation.
President who decided not to run for re-election because of the deep divisions felt by the country as opposition to the war grew.
Because of the Cold War, there was a need for advancements in space defense technology. Which industry really took off in Texas because of this need?
Cities tend to grow when there is a good quality of life and good _____ available.
Liz Carpenter and Jane Wells started the Women's Political Caucus in which state?
Soviet Union satellite that launched in 1957. It was the first, beating the U.S. to outer space.
The Space Race
A heated competition between the United States and the Soviet Union to develop the first real-world exploration of outer space.
City in Texas where the space program is based. Our astronauts train here.
Region of the country known for mild winters, lots of jobs, and a good standard of living.
The GI Forum lawsuit in 1957 ended the __________ of Hispanic children in Texas schools.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
President who threatened to use nuclear weapons, forcing China to agree to end the Korean War.
Organization that banned oil shipments to the U.S. in the 1970s.
In response to OPEC's ban of imported oil to the U.S., the country started relying more on Texas oil. This caused the Texas oil business to ______.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Bill passed in Congress that ended segregation in public places.
Doctor who performed the first coronary arterial bypass operation.
It's important to space out oil wells in order to keep the oil field from becoming __________ too quickly.
A type of fossil fuel.
First REAL oil strike in Texas was here.
Invention that assured the oil industry's success.
The Populist Party lost support when the Democratic Party ________ some of the Populist programs, thus eliminating the competition.
Texas Railroad Commission
Group that enforces railroad regulations in Texas.
The Patrons of Husbandry is a fraternal organization for American farmers that encourages farm families to band together for their common economic and political well-being. It's also known as the _________.
The first Texas ranchers, from Mexico.
What brought an end to open ranges and cattle kingdoms?
The biggest advantage of barbed wire is that it is extremely _______, so vast areas of land can be fenced in for a limited cost.
Texas' biggest cash crop, or most profitable crop.
Supply and demand
According to the "Law of _________" prices rise when demand is great. Prices fall when supply is great.