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Receptors

Hormones attach to plasma membrane proteins called

Amino Acids

The building blocks of protein hormones are

Cortex

ACTH acts on the adrenal

Andtidiuretic Hormone (ADH)

A hormone from the posterior pituitary that is involved in water balance is

Melatonin

The hormone produced by the pineal gland is

Insulin

The hormone secreted by the pancreatic islets that lowers blood sugar is

Aldosterone

A hormone from the adrenal cortex that helps regulate sodium and potassium balance is

Thymosin

The hormone secreted from the thymus that promotes T-Cell growth is

Glucagon

The hormone secreted by the pancreatic islets that raises blood sugar is

Anterior Pituitary

A portal system links the hypothalamus to the

Cortisol

Made from the middle zone of the adrenal cortex

Type I Diabetes Mellitus

A decrease in insulin production usually causes

Adenohypophysis

The anterior pituitary is called the

Prolactin

Lactogenic hormome is another name for

Calcitonin

A decrease in the blood concentration of calcium is caused by

Thymus gland

The endocrine gland NOT located in the neck is the

TSH

The anterior pituitary secretes

Insulin

Is made of beta cells in the pancreas, has the opposite effect of glucagon, and decreases the blood glucose level

Aldosterone

This hormone is secreted by the adrenal glands and increases the absorption of salt

Oxytocin

The hormone that can be used to induce labor is

Cortisol

Excess stress can inhibit the immune system due to the actions of a hormone called

Fatty acids

Lipid hormones are made from

increase Calcitonin and decrease Parathyroid hormone

Calcitonin and Parathyroid hormone secretions are regulated by negative feedback. Increased calcium levels will

Thyroid gland

The large gland located on either side of the larynx is the

Pancreas

The islets of Langerhans are found in the

Insuline increased, Glucagon decreased

What effect would a large increase in cortisol on glucagon and insulin secretion have?

Calcitonin

Which hormone opposes the effect of parathyroid hormone

Adrenal Cortex

Cortisol is produced by the

Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

The following is a gonadotropic hormone

Uterus and Breasts

The target tissues for oxytocin are the

Progesterone

The following is NOT a product of the adrenal gland

Thyroid Gland

The gland that produces calcitonin is the

Aldosterone

An example of mineralocorticoid is

Infundibulum

The stalk connecting the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland is called the

Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)

Diabetes insipidus results from a lack of

Non-Insulin dependent diabetes Mellitus

Mr. R is 54 years old. For the past 2 years he has suffered from high blood sugar, frequent urination and thirst. What is the most likely diagnosis?

Prostaglandins

Local hormones produced by most body tissues are

Atrial Natriuretic Peptide

A hormone that increases sodium loss and lowers blood pressure is

Estrogen and Progesterone

Oral contraceptives contain

Forming

The suffix -poiesis means

-tropin

A word ending for a hormone that controls another gland is

Epinephrine

The best treatment for anaphylaxis is

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