The tendency to attribute our own behaviours externally and others' behaviours internally.
Compare characteristics of adopted children with those of their biological and adoptive parents.
A method developed to investigate the characteristics of STM. It typically involves the use of lists of trigrams which participants are required to recall.
Tendency to process information for its general meaning or gist rather than processing the specific individual elements.
Involves deep and meaningful analysis of information, rather than simply rehearsing it over and over.
Fragile X syndrome
Genetic disorder caused by a defective gene in the X chromosome which results in mental retardation.
Fundamental attribution error
A bias in attributing another's behaviours to internal causes rather than to situational causes.
Law of disuse
As in the decay theory of forgetting, the law states that forgetting occurs when information is not used for a period of time.
Lovaas' language technique
A technique involving positive reinforcement which is used to encourage speech in children with autism.
Where old memories which have already been stored interfere with the storage and retrieval of new information.
Where new information interferes with the retrieval of older information already stored in the LTM.
An organised unit of knowledge which helps to structure and interpret new information stored in the LTM.
A tendency to attribute one's successes to positive internal attributions and failures to external attribution.
A personal trait or characteristic that strongly influences a perceiver's overall impression of someone possessing that trait.