A tool that is used for the development of vocabulary in the first and scond languages and for the assessment of students' prior knowledge. An ABC taxonomy consists of a piece of paper on which the alphabet is listed down the left-hand side. For each letter, studeent generate word related to current topic.
A means or path to acculturation in which the individual learns a new cultur while retaining the best of his or her primary cluture.
method of acculturation in which the individual is prompted to relinquish his or her primary cluture (and often language) as he or she learns another.
Controls the extent to which an individual internalizes input by converting it into learning. It has been compared to a defense mechanism because if it is raised it may negatively influence language acquisition, academic success, and classroom behavior and action.
The philosophical orientation to instruction that serves as a guide for choosing among methods considered consistent with the tenets of the theory and research that ground the philosophy.
A means by which two parties of differnt languages or cultures communicate with each other through the mediaton of a third party, often a CLD student.
A means of communication in which an adult modifies his or her language to make the information comprehensible for a child. Modification efforts to accommodate the child include adjusting vocabulary, simplifying sentences, and incorporating modeling and rephrasing.
A word in one language, the form and definition of which resemble a word in a different language. e.g. animal [English] and animales [Spanish].
The ability of an individual to comprehend incoming messages and effectively communicate responses in ways that are appropriate for a given situation.
an ineffective manner of deliveringinstuction in which everything is stated twice, once in English (L2) and once in the native language (L1).
The comprenesion of when, why, or where to use information, capacities, and skills.
The product of an individual's attempt to spell an unfamiliar word using her or his cumulative knowledge regarding a language.
the information that constitutes what an individual knows or can declare as related to a topic.
A communication of oral or written language that occurs within a context in ways that directly influence the manner in which the individual constructs and expresses his or her thoughts and ideas.
The process of building on prior knowledge as a basis for learning new concepts.