World History Spring Exam -- Between the Wars

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World History Spring Exam -- Between the Wars

What did the pogroms that occured in the late 19th-century Russia do?

Violently persecute Jews

Who were the Bolsheviks?

Radical Russian Marxist revolutionaries

What is a totalitarian state?

A state in which the government controls every aspect of public and private life

What was the purpose of the Soviet state's Five-Year plans?

Economic devlopment

What did Sergey Wittey do to finance Russian industries?

Launched a program of higher taxes and foreign investments

What event marked the beginnings of the Great Depression?

The Stock Market Crash of 1929

What was one part of Roosevelt's New Deal program to fight the Depression? (3)

The stock market and banking system created their own reform council, government agencies took over businesses and farms, large public works projects helped to provide jobs

Il Duce was the title of which of the following leaders?

Benito Mussolini

Which German political party sought to overturn the Treaty of Versailles and combat communism?

Nazi

What effect did the Dawes Plan have on the economy of postwar Germany?

It saved Germany from an inflationary crisis and stabilized the economy

Which of the following does fascism stress?

Nationalism

In 1920, a dictatorship ruled

Russia

All of the following contributed to the weakness of the Weimar Republic EXCEPT

The implantation of the Dawes plan

The New Deal involevd attempts to stimulate the American economy by

Increasing government spending

All of the following increased during the Great Depression EXCEPT

Prices

During the global depression, war debts caused great suffering in

Germany

The Popular Front helped preserve democracy in

France

All of the following embraced fascism except

Paul von Hindenburg

All of the following were common to both fascism and communism EXCEPT

Classless society

The title of Hitler's book Mein Kampf in English is

My Struggle

By 1935, the only eastern European country that was still a democracy was

Czechoslovakia

Hitler's main method for achieving lebensraum was to

Conquer other countries

Nazism was the German form of

Fascism

Under Joseph Stalin's command economy system, all economic decisions were made by

Government officials alone

The Soviet government decided to eliminate kulaks because of their strong resistance to

Collective farming

All of the following were goals of the Five Year Plans EXCEPT. Rapid industrial growth; a stronger national defense; the modernization of the Soviet economy; the promotion of Communism worldwide.

The promotion of communism worldwide

Between 1934 and 1934, the Great Purge was a campaign to eliminate

Opposition to Stalin's power

All of the following were stressed by socialist realism EXCEPT. The value of hard work; the glory of Soviet life; the achievements of Stalin; the worth of the individual.

The worth of the individual

Why did coalition governments usually prove unstable?

They were alliances of several parties who disagreed on many policies

Why did millions of Germans turn against the leaders of the Weimar Republic?

They signed the Treaty of Versailles

What was the major cause of the collapse of the stock market?

Stocks sold for more than they were worth

What fear added to the appeal of fascism in Italy and Germany?

A communist revolution

Why did Hitler blame the Jewish population for all of Germany's troubles?

Hatred of Jews, or anti-semitism, was a key part of Nazi ideology

How did the reigns of Alexander III and Nicholas II help pave the way for revolution?

They both upheld an autocratic government without reforms

What impact did Russia's involvement in WWI have on the Russian government?

It revealed the weaknesses of Czarist rule and military leadership

How did life change for Russians after the success of the Bolshevik revolution?

Russia was organized into several self-governing republics

Which of the following was NOT part of the transformation of the Soviet Union into a totalitarian state? Great Purge; Five-Year Plans; establishment of collective farming; the creation of the first soviets.

The creation of the first soviets

Under Joseph Stalin's command economy system, all economic decisions were made by

Government officials alone

Who was the major leader of the Bolsheviks?

V.I. Lenin

All of the following were stressed by socialist realism EXCEPT. The value of hard work; the glory of Soviet life; the achievements of Stalin; the worth of the individual.

The worth of the individual

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