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World History Spring Exam -- WWII

Manchuria was invaded in 1931 by

Japan

All of the following joined the Axis Powers EXCEPT. Italy; Japan; Germany; Soviet Union.

Soviet Union

A nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union in 1939 was signed by

Germany

The leader of the Third Reich was

Adolph Hitler

During Spain's civil war, Francisco Franco was the leader of

Spanish rebel groups

The Munich Conference was held to address the problems of German threat to the nation of

Czechoslovakia

What was Hitler's prime reason for wanting to take Poland?

He wanted the Polish corridor and the port city of Danzig

Which of the following factors led to the fall of France to the Nazis? (3)

The fall of Dunkirk; evacuation of the British forces; Italy's attack on France from the South

What was the significance of the Atlantic Charter both during and after the war?

It upheld rights of free trade and choice of government, and it became the plan for postwar peace

What did the Allies' strategy of "island hopping" in the Pacific involve?

Attacks only on islands that were not well defended

Why did the Japanese try to build a Pacific Empire?

By taking over American, British, and French territories

How did Kristallnacht demonstrate Nazi persecution of Jews?

Nazi troops attacked Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues

What was the goal of Hitler's "Final Solution"?

It was the genocide of people the Nazis considered inferior

What combination led to the German defeat in the Battle of Stalingrad?

Russian troops and Russian winters

Under the postwar constituion of Japan, who was the head of government?

A prime minister selected by the diet

What does the use of kamikaze pilots show about Japanese culture?

They valued national honor more than individual life

Why did Britain and France declare war on Germany after it invaded POland?

They had promised to uphold the independence of Poland

How did the Lend-Lease Act benefit the United States?

It enriched the American economy through selling arms to the Allies

Which of the following did NOT motivate Japan to build an empire? Japan was overcrowded and faced shortages of raw materials; Japan wanted the rich European colonies of Southeast Asia; Japan took over Manchuria and later fought for the heartland of China; the emperor wanted a larger empire to suit his divine status

The emperor wanted a larger empire to suit his divine status

What was the U.S. response to Japanese aggression in Southeast Asia in mid-1941?

Cut off oil supplies

How were the Holocaust and Hitler's "Final Solution" related?

Holocaust is the term for the genocide that resulted from the plan called the Final Solution

How did civilians join in the war effort?

Scrap metal drives, working in war industries, rationing

What was the Allies' plan for victory over the Nazis?

The Allies would fight Germany on two fronts to weaken it

Why were thousands of U.S. citizens put in internment camps during the war?

They were of Japanese descent and falsely labeled as enemies

What prompted Great Britain and France to declare war on Germany?

German invasion of Poland

The German Blitzkrieg was a military strategy that depended on what advantage?

Surprise and overwhelming force

What crucial lesson was learned in the Battle of Britain?

That Hitler's advances can be blocked

What event occurred on the day described as "a date which will live in infamy"?

Attack on Pearl Harbor

What was significant about the Battle of Midway?

It turned the tide of the war in the Pacific against the Japanese

Which of the following was the location of a Nazi extermination camp?

Auschwitz

Which of the following battles marked the final German offensive?

Battle of the Bulge

What caused the Japanese emperor to have reduced power after the war?

The Allies' insistence

Where were atomic bombs dropped?

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Which of the following was addressed by the Nuremberg Trials?

The Holocaust

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