Honors US

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Liberals tend to prefer which of the following in foreign policy?

international cooperation

Some conservatives believe that a large central government

harms economic growth

Neoconservatives warn about the dangers posed to society by

abandoning traditional values

Ronald Reagan convinced many Americans that he would

usher in a new era of prosperity

The Reagan administration presided over the of the airline, telecommunications, and banking industries.

deregulation

Liberals argued that took money away from public schools.

vouchers

Reagan reduced taxes but increased defense spending, causing a

budget deficit

The theory of rested on the idea that lower taxes would encourage people to work more so that they would have more money to spend.

supply-side economics

The amount of money owed by the federal government, or the , skyrocketed during Reagan's presidency.

national debt

The resulted from fraudulent business activity and risky lending.

savings and loan crisis vouchers

The Reagan administration committed the United States to a

massive arms buildup

Reagan supported rebellions in Afghanistan, Nicaragua, El Salvador, and
Grenada to

weaken the Soviet Union

The START I treaty aimed to

reduce the number of nuclear weapons in the world

Which of the following symbolized the end of communism in Europe?

the fall of the Berlin Wall

Congress pressured South Africa to change its apartheid system by

imposing economic sanctions

Bush launched "Operation Restore Hope" to protect human rights in

Somalia

Which of the following best describes the 1991 Persian Gulf War?

short, with few American casualties

Nixon's name for Middle Americans

silent majority

Period of a stagnating economy and inflation

stagflation

Plan to help African Americans overcome past discrimination

affirmative action

Principle that the President has the right to keep certain information to himself

executive privilege

Group that placed an oil embargo on the United States

OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries)

Nixon's establishment of "new federalism"

gave federal money to states to fund social programs.

In the case of United States v. Nixon, the Supreme Court ruled that

Nixon had to turn over tapes containing Oval Office conversations.

During his presidency, Gerald Ford

faced high inflation, skyrocketing prices, and rising unemployment.

Jimmy Carter's response to the nation's oil crisis was to

ask people to conserve oil

Developed the WIN plan to combat inflation.

Gerald Ford

Served as governor of Georgia before being elected President.

Jimmy Carter

Soon after his inauguration, Carter granted to Americans who had evaded the
draft during the Vietnam War.

amnesty

Gerald Ford granted a -- to Richard Nixon.

pardon

President Ford's policy toward the Soviet Union focused on

continuing to pursue détente

What was the central concern of Carter's foreign policy?

expanding human rights in the developing world

Carter's greatest foreign policy achievement was

the Camp David Accords

Threats posed by Middle East conflicts became a major foreign policy challenge because of the

Iran hostage crisis

The Geneva Accords provided for

the division of Vietnam

What happened during the Vietnamese election in 1956?

Ngo Dinh Diem refused to participate

President Johnson escalated American involvement in Vietnam by

ordering airstrikes

Agent Orange is a jellied gasoline that American pilots dropped on Vietnam.

False

Hawks disagreed with President Johnson's war policy.

False

The commander in South Vietnam was Robert McNamara.

False

The mostly conservative doves supported President Johnson's war policy.

False

To eliminate deferment abuses, the Selective Service system

adopted a lottery

In March 1968, what surprising announcement did President Johnson make to the American people?

He would not run for another term as President

Who won the 1968 Presidential election?

Richard Nixon

President Nixon ordered the secret bombing of the Ho Chi Minh Trail in Cambodia to

reduce the flow of communist supplies

What did the Pentagon Papers reveal?

US leaders misled Congress and the American people about the war

Ultimately, the end of the Vietnam War resulted in

communist control of Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam

Segregation by custom or tradition

de facto segregation

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court at the time of Brown v. Board of Education

Earl Warren

Held to protest the arrest of Rosa Parks

Montgomery bus boycott

Gave the U.S. Attorney General greater power to protect the voting rights of African Americans

Civil Rights Act of 1957

Refused to relinquish a bus seat to a white passenger

Rosa Parks

Segregation imposed by law

de jure segregation

The -- was established by Ella Baker.

SNCC (Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

The was passed by Congress during the Johnson administration

Civil Rights Act of 1964

The was one type of protest used by civil rights activists

sit-in

Sought to enroll at "Ole Miss."

James Meredith

Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech during the ___.

March on Washington

____ was assassinated in 1963.

Medgar Evers

Not long after the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, African Americans in several cities

rioted

What happened in many cities after M. L. King's assassination?

riots broke out

What is an argument that people used to prevent affirmative action?

it would violate the goal of creating a colorblind society

Kennedy's military policies encouraged more funding for

Special Forces

What was the outcome of the Alliance for Progress?

Relations between the US and Latin America improved

The Bay of Pigs invasion was an attempt to overthrow

Fidel Castro

Kennedy prevented completion of missile bases in Cuba by approving a

naval blockade

Encouraged fair employment practices

Equal Pay Act

Included the Project Mercury flights

space race

Investigated Kennedy's assassination

Warren Commission

Kennedy's domestic agenda

New Frontier

Technique to stimulate the economy

deficit spending

One component of President Kennedy's New Frontier was

equality for all Americans

How did President Kennedy initially approach civil rights policies?

cautiously

The Economic Opportunity Act provided some health benefits for Americans over 65 years of age.

false

President Johnson's vision for America was called the Great Society.

true

The Civil Rights Act created the Jobs Corps.

false

The Warren Court became the most conservative Supreme Court in American history.

false

Medicaid provided basic medical services to poor and disabled Americans.

true

What was one result of the Great Society?

The lives of many underprivileged Americans improved

Military alliance of the Soviet Union and its Satellite nations

Warsaw Pact

U.S. policy to limit communism

containment

U.S. policy giving massive loans and grants to Western Europe

Marshall Plan

U.S. policy to assist countries struggling against communist movements

Truman Doctrine

Military alliance of the United States and countries in Western Europe

NATO

Worldwide rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union

Cold War

In China's civil war, the United States backed

the Nationalists, led by Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-Shek).

In 1950, what event began the conflict on the Korean peninsula?

The North Korean army invaded south of the 38th parallel

How did the American public view General MacArthur after President Truman fired him?

they saw him as a hero

The policy of massive retaliation promised a strong response to Soviet threats against allies, but without the use of nuclear weapons.

false

Brinkmanship described the tactic of promoting peace by always being well prepared for war.

false

Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal by taking it over and putting it under the direct control of the government.

true

After the Soviets first launched a satellite in 1957, the U.S. government set up NASA to coordinate American space-related efforts.

true

The Eisenhower Doctrine claimed that the United States and Soviet Union would continue developing more powerful weapons.

false

J. Robert Oppenheimer was investigated because

he had friends and family who belonged to the Communist Party.

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were charged, convicted, and executed for

passing secrets about nuclear science to the Soviets.

What led to Senator McCarthy's downfall?

the broadcast of the McCarthy hearings on television

The Allies decided to pursue a "Europe First" strategy because they

believed that Germany posed a more serious threat than Japan did

Following the battle of Stalingrad

Hitler's plans of dominating Europe were ended.

Which of the following was a result of the Battle of Midway?

Japan never again threatened Pacific domination

Limiting the amount of certain goods that civilians can buy

rationing

This ensured fair hiring practices in jobs funded with government money

Executive Order 8802

The policy of temporary imprisoning members of a specific group

internment

African American labor leader who threatened a march on Washington

A. Philip Randolph

What was one effect of the D-Day invasion?

The Allies took an important step toward reaching Berlin.

One of the effects of the Battle of the Bulge was that

Germany used its reserves and demoralized its troops in the battle

Who made the decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan?

Harry S. Truman

Which of the following limited the initial U.S. response to the Holocaust?

many people underestimated Hitler's plans

Which two nations emerged as the strongest following World War II?

Soviet Union and the US

The United Nations was organized to

encourage cooperation

In the years closely following World War II, many African Americans

renewed their efforts to work for civil rights.

Theory of government in which a single party or leader maintains strict control.

totalitarianism

Russian leader who was known as the Great Terror.

Joseph Stalin

Italian leader who founded the Fascist Party.

Benito Mussolini

German dictator who wanted to unify all Germanic people into one state.

Adolf Hitler

Prejudiced against Jewish people.

anti-Semitic

Policy of granting concessions.

appeasement

Included Britain, France, and eventually many other nations

Allies

Included a cash-and-carry provision that aided the Allies

Neutrality Act of 1939

Ensured that Germany, Italy, and Japan would fight on the same side

Tripartite Pact

Allowed President Roosevelt to provide any type of economic aid to the Allies

Lend-Lease Act

Endorsed national self-determination

Atlantic Charter

The Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor because they wanted to

destroy ships and planes that threatened their expansion efforts

Which ships survived the attack on Pearl Harbor untouched?

aircraft carriers

After declaring war, the United States government

transformed peacetime industries into war industries.

After the United States declared war, the nation's economic situation

improved

Priest who criticized the New Deal

Charles Coughlin

Signed into law fifteen pieces of legislation in the first hundred days of office

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Introduced the "Share our Wealth" program

Huey Long

Program to insure bank deposits

FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation)

Built a series of dams to generate electric power

TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority

What were the goals of the New Deal?

Provide relief, recovery, and reform

Some opponents of the New Deal believed that it

threatened individual freedom

In 1938, the ___ established a minimum wage and a maximum workweek of 44 hours.

Fair Labor Standards Act

President Roosevelt was accused of ___ when he attempted to increase the number of Justices on the Supreme Court.

court packing

___ was a British economist who believed that deficit spending was necessary to provide the necessary relief from the depression.

john maynard keynes

President Roosevelt introduced the ___ to help retirees.

Social Security Act

Eleanor Roosevelt showed her support of minorities when she

sat with black delegates at a conference

Who was the first female Cabinet member?

Frances Perkins

One way that Americans escaped their concerns during the 1930s was to

go to theaters to watch movies

United States President from 1929-1933

Herbert Hoover

A risky stock purchase intended to turn quick profits

stock speculation

The time at which the stock market collapsed in the Great Crash

Black Tuesday

Which of these factors helped hide economic problems in the 1920s?

Americans purchased many consumer goods on credit.

Why did so many banks fail at the onset of the Great Depression?

Too many depositors tried to withdraw their money all at once

Dust Bowl refugees from the Great Plains, called, ___ headed west to look for work.

Okies

During the Great Depression, many homeless people grouped together to build ___ , or makeshift shantytowns of tents and shacks.

Hoovervilles

___ lived on and worked land owned by someone else.

tenant farmers

Impoverished people in the cities often waited in to obtain free food from charities and public agencies.

bread lines

The caused hundreds of thousands of people to migrate from the Great Plains.

dust bowl

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