This motif describes the search for someone or some talisman which, when found and brought back, will restore fertility to a wasted land.
To save the kingdom, to find the fair lady, to identify himself so that he may reassure his rightful position, the hero must perform some nearly superhuman deed.
The journey sends the hero in search for some truth or information necessary to restore fertility to the kingdom. Usually the hero descends into a real or psychological darkness and is forced to discover the blackest truths, quite often concerning his faults. Once the hero is at this lowest point, he must accept personal responsibility to return to the world of the living.
Battle Between Good and Evil
Obviously the battle between two primal forces. Mankind shows eternal optimism in the continual portrayal of good triumphing over evil despite great odds.
The Magic Weapon
This symbolizes the extraordinary quality of the hero because no one else can wield the weapon or use it to its full potential. It is usually given by a mentor figure.
This archetype is so well defined that the life of the protagonist can be clearly divided into a series of well-marked adventures which strongly suggest a ritualistic pattern. He is usually spirited away and reared by foster parents. We know almost nothing of his childhood, but upon reaching manhood he returns to his future kingdom.
These individuals serve as teachers or counselors to the hero. Sometimes they work as role models and often serve as a father or mother figure.
Loyal companions willing to face any number of perils in order to be together.
This shows that nature can be on the side of the hero.
Damsel in Distress
The vulnerable woman who must be rescued by the hero. She often is used as a trap to ensnare the unsuspecting hero.
The Creature of Nightmare
A monster usually summoned from the deepest, darkest part of the human psyche to threaten the lives of the hero/heroine.
Light vs. Darkness
Light usually suggests hope, renewal, or intellectual illumination; darkness implies the unknown, ignorance, or despair.
The gods intervene on the side of the hero or sometimes against him.
Haven vs. Wilderness
Places of safety contrast sharply against the dangerous wilderness. Heroes are often sheltered for a time to regain health and resources.
A traditional story that was created to explain mysteries of the universe.
• Often explains how something connected with humans or nature came to be
• Reveals the consequences of both good and bad behavior
• Features gods or other beings who have supernatural powers as well as certain flaws
A story passed down through many generations that is believed to be based on real people and events.
• Tells about a hero or heroine who has unusual powers
• Focuses on the hero's or heroine's struggle to defeat a powerful force
• Highlights a positive quality or way of behaving
A long narrative poem, often written in formal language, that tells about a series of quests undertaken by a great hero.
• Follows a quest, or journey, of a hero who has incredible strength and courage
• Focuses on the hero' s character traits • Features hero's tasks such as battles in which the hero is tested
A brief story that teaches a lesson, or moral, about human nature.
• Usually includes animal characters that stand for specific human qualities, such as kindness or dishonesty
• Has a moral that is directly stated at the end or indirectly communicated through what happens in the fable
A humorously exaggerated story about impossible events.
• Stars a hero or heroine who is larger that life—that is, bigger, stronger, and even louder than a regular person
• Uses exaggeration to emphasize the abilities and achievements of the hero or heroine
is using someone's work without giving the appropriate credit