World History

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Semester exam review

The Triple Entente was formed in reaction to
A: Britain's military bishop
C: France's military buildup
B: Russia's military buildup
D: Germany's military buildup

Germany's military buildup

Great Britain declared war on Germany because
A: It invaded Belgium
C: It invaded Russia
B: It invaded France
D: It invaded Britain

It invaded Belgium

Italy and Japan entered the war to
A: Grab defeated nations' property
B: Honor alliances
C: Prove military power
D: To put down socialist ideas

Grab defeated nations' property

All of the following were new war weapons EXCEPT
A: U-Boats C: Airplanes
B: Tanks D: Guided Missles

Airplanes

The Battle of the Marne was important because
A: It kept France from entering Germany
B: It kept Germany from entering Paris
C: It pushed the U.S. into the war
D: It was the longest battle of the war

It kept Germany from entering Paris

As nations tried to outlast each other, World War I became
A: A total war
C: A propaganda war
B: A war of attrition
D: A war of technology

A war of attrition

Control of the new Russia was won by
A: The Mensheviks
C: The White Russians
B: The Bolsheviks
D: The Duma

The Bolsheviks

The newly formed Communist Party
A: signed a treaty with the Central Powers
B: signed a treaty with the Allies.
C: requested protection from Japan.
D: requested protection from the United States.

signed a treaty with the Central Powers

Civil war in Russia was forced by
A: groups that wanted to restore the Duma.
B: groups that wanted to exit the war.
C: groups that wanted to restore the monarchy.
D: groups that wanted to institute democracy.

groups that wanted to restore the monarchy.

The Treat of Brest Litovsk allowed the Germans to
A: concentrate their troops in Russia.
B: mobilize more troops against Italy.
C: mobilize more troops against France.
D: use Russia's navy

mobilize more troops against France

During the Paris Peace Conference, the U.S. and Europe disagreed about:
A: demands for future neutrality
B: the rise of communism
C: the importance of colonies
D: the presence of former Central Powers

the presence of former Central Powers

The Allies generally wanted to
A: weaken Germany permanently
B: isolate Russia
C: disarm Russia
D: rebuild and form relationships with Germany

weaken Germany permanently

Yugoslavia was
A: part of the new Poland
B: a mixed nation of many Balkan peoples.
C: land that Russia had annexed during the war.
D: the new capital city of Czechoslovakia

a mixed nation of many Balkan peoples.

All the following were effects of the Treaty of Versailles EXCEPT:
A: the restoration of Poland
B: the restoration of Prussia
C: Austria and Hungary separated.
D: France regained Alsace-Lorraine

the restoration of Prussia

When the League of Nations created a mandate it
A: called for establishment of a world bank.
B: put international waterways under control
C: called for the end of all tariffs.
D: put colonies of defeated power under the rule of "advanced" nations

put colonies of defeated power under the rule of "advanced" nations

At the end of WWI, people around the world were devastated by:
A: small wars and uprisings
B: a deadly flu
C: terrorist attacks
D: peasant revolts

a deadly flu

Moral relativism meant that:
A: some people were born evil
B: all people were potentially evil.
C: no one set of values was good for all groups.
D: morality meant the same thing to everyone

no one set of values was good for all groups

Functionalism stressed that objects should
A: be designed for style.
B: be designed for use.
C: reflect randomness.
D: be designed to reflect the subconscious

be designed for use.

The Great Depression affected:
A: only the US
B: the world.
C: nations that did not practice protectionism
D: only industrialized nations.

the world.

The people of the US particularly suffered during the Great Depression because:
A: they instituted too many social programs.
B: people did not trust social programs.
C: they had few social programs that helped people.
D: people refused to believe in the seriousness of the Depression.

they had few social programs that helped people.

Roosevelt's New Deal program did all the following EXCEPT:
A: reform banks and markets.
B: provide more money for the military.
C: create jobs with public works programs.
D: help provide basic necessities

provide more money for the military

The Maginot Line was
A: the new French border
B: a line of credit for French farmers
C: a new part of the French army.
D: a wall built to keep out the Germans.

a wall built to keep out the Germans.

The Popular Front was a French
A: left wing government
B: workers' union.
C: people's army
D: fascist group.

left wing government.

Postwar Britain's economic recovery was based on
A: the return to a strong monarchy.
B: a more powerful democracy.
C: a conservative government.
D: a coalition Labour and Liberal government

A coalition Labour and Liberal government

Mussolini's corporatist state
A: Determined representation by area of business.
B: Determined representation by wealth of a region.
C: Based the government on free market ideas
D: Made the government head of all businesses.

Determined representation by area of business.

the Weimar Republic was unpopular because
A: it was a harsh regime.
B: people felt the constitution was not fair.
C: it did not promote German business well enough.
D: people felt it had signed a humiliating treaty.

People felt it had signed a humiliating treaty.

Hitler's movement of troops into the Rhineland
A: prompted a warning from the League of Nations.
B: prompted counter-armament from France.
C: led to bombing by League of Nations forces.
D: got no response.

Got no response.

Russia's Communist government tried to improve food production by:
A: closing factories
B: taking over ownership of farms.
C: having peasants form collective farms.
D: allowing private ownership of farms.

Having peasants form collective farms.

Unlike Trotsky, Stalin believed that
A: The socialist revolution should take place throughout the world.
B: Communism needed to succeed in the Soviet Union before spreading.
C: Soviets needed to mix government and private ownership.
D: Soviets needed to move towards a more moderate type of socialism.

B: Communism needed to succeed in the Soviet Union before spreading.

The purpose of the Comintern was
A: To spy on anti-communist activity.
B: To spread communism in other countries
C: To administer communist rule
D: To develop future communist leaders

To spread communism in other countries

The Anglo-Egyptian Treaty stated that
A: Britain could not keep troops in Egypt
B: The two nations would support each other if war broke out in the Middle East
C: The two nations would lower tariffs for each other only
D: Egypt would become a protectorate

The two nations would support each other if war broke out in the Middle East.

Zionism is a movement for
A: Egyptian independence
B: Iraqi independence
C: An Arab independent state
D: A Jewish homeland

A Jewish homeland

British who were against Indian independence believed
A: India would not survive without them
B: India owed them for years of British support
C: The loss of India would destroy the British Empire
D: A free India would become an enemy to Britain

The loss of India would destroy the British Empire

Under Kemai's rule
A: Women had more rights
B: Women had fewer tights
C: The clergy had more influence
D: The army had more influence

Women had more rights

African independence movements were influenced by
A: Missionaries
B: Communist leaders
C: The spread of ideas through war experience
D: The spread of ideas through trade

The spread of ideas through war experience

African anti-colonial movements followed the lead of
A: The Russian Revolution
B: The Mao Zedong
C: Gandhi
D: Kemal

Gandhi

All of the following are Sun Yixian's principles for government EXCEPT
A: Political unification and no foreign influence
B: Isolationist trade policy
C: Democracy and rights for Chinese people
D: Industrialization and fair distribution of land

Isolationist trade policy

Struggles within the Kuomintang ended with
A: The warlords in control of China
B: Communists in control of China
C: Conservative nationalists in control of China
D: Socialists in control of China

Conservative nationalists in control of China

The Nanjing government failed to
A: Industrialize
B: Develop foreign trade relationships
C: Repair China's infrastructure
D: Improve life for peasants

Improve life for peasants

The Treaty of Portsmouth resulted in
A: Japan's dominance in much of Asia
B: Russia's attempt to move into Korea
C: Russia's decision to re-arm and increase its military dominance
D: A close relationship between the U.S. and Japan

Japan's dominance in much of Asia

Japan was angered by the U.S. Policy on
A: Trade with Japan
B: Preferential trade with China
C: Prohibition of Asian immigrants
D: Prohibition of Asian products

Prohibition of Asian immigrants

Modernized Japan included all of the following EXCEPT
A: The rise of worker unions
B: Western ideas and culture
C: Shift from country to city
D: The rise of communism

The rise of communism

Diego Rivera related worker concerns as a(n)
A: Member of the Mexican Parliament
B: Leader of the Mexican socialist party
C: Artist
D: Newspaper columnist

Artist

Political upheaval in 1930s Latin America was the result of
A: The banning of labor unions
B: Wars between nations
C: The worldwide Great Depression
D: Postwar moral disillusionment

The worldwide Great Depression

Latin American economic nationalism was exemplified by
A: Development of labor unions
B: Development of collective farming to increase output
C: Reduction of tariffs
D: Nationalization of foreign-owned oil companies

Nationalization of foreign-owned oil companies

Japan's move into China was met by
A: Economic sanctions
B: A condemnation
C: Threats of war
D: Blockade of Japan's ports

A condemnation

The international Brigades fought for
A: The League of Nations
B: The Nationalists
C: The Loyalists
D: The Ethiopians

The Loyalists

The Axis Powers came together
A: As a trade organization
B: As a peace organization
C: To fight fascism
D: To fight communism

To fight communism

To avoid war with Germany, Britain and France promised not to
A: Join with Russia
B: Interfere with Italy's expansion
C: Interfere with German annexation of Czechoslovakia
D: Join with the United States

Interfere with German annexation of Czechoslovakia

Stalin signed a nonaggression pact with Germany because
A: He wanted to protect eastern Europe
B: He and Hitler wanted to divide up eastern Europe
C: He hoped to prevent the spread of fascism
D: The Soviet navy needed access to waterways

He and Hitler wanted to divide up eastern Europe

The conquest of Norway and Denmark was important to Germany because they
A: Were growing communist powers
B: Had alliances with Great Britain and France
C: Provided access to the Atlantic Ocean
D: Had an alliance with the United States

Provided access to the Atlantic Ocean

The Battle of Britain was fought mostly
A: On the sea
B: At Dunkerque
C: In the air
D: Through propaganda

In the air

Soviet armies fighting Germany benefited from
A: Polish aid
B: Cold weather
C: Access to the Mediterranean for supplies
D: Chinese aid

Cold weather

Japan's attack on islands of French Indochina
A: Drew Australia into the war
B: Drew the U.S. into the war
C: Cut off Soviet supply lines
D: Cut off British supply lines

Cut off British supply lines

Victory in the Balkans gave the Axis Powers
A: Access to Middle Eastern and Russian waterways
B: Access to Middle Eastern and Russian oil fields
C: Control over communist uprisings
D: Control over Turkey

Access to Middle Eastern and Russian oil fields

according to Hitler's plan, eastern Europe would become living space for
A: Jews
B: French and British collaborators
C: The Aryan race
D: Japanese traders

The Aryan race

In the concentration camps, the people least likely to be executed were
A: Children
B: Women
C: The healthiest
D: The weakest

The healthiest

All of the following helped Jews escape the Holocaust EXCEPT
A: Anne Frank
B: Many Danish citizens
C: Oskar Schindler
D: Raoul Wallenberg

Anne Frank

The "Soft underbelly of the Axis" referred to
A: Italy and the Balkans
B: North Africa
C: Turkey
D: The Soviet Union

Italy and the Balkans

Victory against Japan came after
A: Europe surrendered
B: The Allied victory at Okinawa
C: The loss of Midway
D: Atomic bomb attacks on Japan

Atomic bomb attacks on Japan

The leaders at Potsdam agreed that Germany should
A: Be divided and annexed to another country
B: Become a dominion of an Allied country
C: Be divided into independent states
D: Remain a single country

Remain a single country

The Nurnberg trials resulted in
A: The Nazi Party being declared a criminal organization
B: The Nazi Party's limitation on the number of parliamentary seats it could hold
C: Convicted Nazis having to pay reparations
D: Convicted Nazis being banished from politics

The Nazi Party being declared a criminal organization

The United Nations' Security council was
A: Made up of ten permanent members
B: Made up of all member nations
C: Made up of temporary and permanent members
D: The UN president and other heads of state

Made up of temporary and permanent members

Fear of invasion made the Soviets demand that
A: They be allowed to annex Eastern European nations
B: Eastern European nations become communist
C: Eastern European nations disarm
D: Germany remain divided

Eastern European nations become communist

The Marshall Plan intended to
A: Prevent the spread of communism
B: Commit the U.S. to isolationist policies
C: Divide Germany into four parts
D: Help Europe's economic recovery

Help Europe's economic recovery

Yugoslavia was expelled from Cominform because it wanted to
A: Remain democratic
B: Resist Soviet Domination
C: Join the UN
D: Accept Marshall Plan aid

Resist Soviet Domination

The Warsaw Pact was
A: An East-West agreement that Poland remain neutral
B: A treaty between the Soviet Union and Poland
C: The Eastern bloc mutual defense agreement
D: The agreement to divide Germany

The Eastern bloc mutual defense agreement

Postwar West Germany becmae
A: Socialist
B: Democratic
C: A Constitutional monarchy
D: A limited dectatiorship

Democratic

As president of the Fifth Republic, Charles de Gaulle
A: Freed Algeria
B: Maintained French power over Algeria
C: Formed a military dictatorship
D: Tried to reunite Germany

Freed Algeria

The European Economic Community agreed to
A: Establish one currency
B: Eliminate tariffs between member nations
C: Trade only with NATO members
D: Establish high tariffs for communist nations

Eliminate tariffs between member nations

As Soviet leader, Khrushchev
A: Made some peace with NATO countries
B: Increased restrictions and repression
C: Denounced Stalinist repression and restrictions
D: Helped spread communism to Scandinavian nations

Denounced Stalinist repression and restrictions

Lyndon Johnson's Great Society was a plan
A: To eliminate worldwide communism
B: To eliminate communism from the U.S.
C: For U.S. isolationism
D: Of social reforms

Of social reforms

SEATO was a(n)
A: Pro-communist organization
B: Anti-communist organization
C: Civil rights organization
D: Welfare plan

Anti-communist organization

The Cuban Missile Crisis was a
A: Standoff between the U.S. and the Soviet Union
B: Battle over U.S. military occupation of Cuba
C: battle over U.S. military occupation of Puerto Rico
D: Standoff between the Soviet Union and democratic China

Standoff between th U.S. and the Soviet Union

Nationalism became apparent in Canada when
A: It moved to separate from Great Britain
B: Quebec tried to separate from Canada
C: Quebec tried to separate from France
D: British Columbia tried to separate form Canada

Quebec tried to separate from Canada

Redrawn borders restored Poland as an independent nation

True

The Treaty of Versailles dealt fairly with all Central Powers except Austria and Hungary

False

U.S. demands for an armistice included a meeting with the Kaiser

False

Russia's desperation for peace led it to sign an unfair treaty with the Central Powers

True

Austria-Hungary's annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovinia inflamed Serbian nationalists

True

The Triple Entente was part of an effort to diplomatically isolate France

False

Economic nationalism called for nations to strike trade deals with other nations' colonies

False

The stock market crashed after stock prices became overalued

True

The New Deal was intended to bring the U.S. out of the Great Depression

True

After much fighting, the Easter Rising led to freedom for Ireland

False

Mussolini's followers were mainly moderate communists

False

Hitler's Third Reich was meant to emulate the glory of the Roman Empire

False

Lenin's New Economic Policy called for nationalization of most industries mixed with some free enterprise

True

Iran's Reza Shah formed alliances with Britain and Russia in order to weaken Germany

False

African isolation during World War 1 meant that there continued to be only a minimal independence movement

False

The Long Match of communists into rural China weakened the communist movement

False

Japan's annexation of Korea led to the Russo-Japanese War

False

The socialist Nationalist party won the Spanish Civil War

False

Poland surrendered to Germany when the German army entered Danzig

False

Hitler only planned to exterminate Jews

False

The U.S. wanted Eastern European nations to be under Western control to provide a buffer against Soviet invasions

False

The Truman Doctrine was part of a plan to stop the spread of communism

True

The Soviet Union turned down offers of aid from the Marshall Plan

True

NATO provided an economic boost to Europe by eliminating tariffs between member nations

False

Hungary's uprising against Soviet domination failed

True

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