overstating something to make it look worse than it is.
attitude of the writer toward his or her subject.
use of language to hurt/ridicule: more caustic than irony
imitation that seeks to amuse through ridiculous exaggeration and distortion.
humorous imitation of serious works
phrase that can be understood in either of two ways.
one word modifies two or more words with different senses. (ex: you held your breath and the door for me)
what actually occurs is the opposite of what is expected.
reader knows something that the characters do not.
presenting a willingness to learn for the sake of exposing an opponents errors.
contrast between what is said and what is meant.
(ex: understatement. antithesis, hyperbole)