a narrative or description having a second meaning beneath the surface one
the repetition at close intervals of the initial consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words (shells on the sea shore)(peter piper picked a pack of picked peppers)
a reference, explicit or implicit, to something in literature or history
repetition of an opening word or phrase in a series of lines
a figure of speech in which someone absent or dead or something nonhuman is addressed as if it were alive and present and could reply
the repetition at close intervals of the vowel sounds of accented syllables or important words (hat, tan, amber)Mary, Mary, Quite Contrary(the a in Mary, Mary, Contrary)
a fairly short narrative poem written in a songlike stanza form
unrhymed iambic pentameter
a speech pause occurring within a line
what a word suggests beyond its basic dictionary definition; a word's overtones of meaning
two successive lines, usually in the same meter, linked by rhyme
the basic definition or dictionary meaning of a word
poetry having as a primary purpose to teach or preach
a sonnet rhyming ABABCDCDEFEFGG; three coordinate quatrains and a concluding couplet
language employing figures of speech; language that cannot be taken literally or only literally
figure of speech
any way of saying something other than the ordinary way; a way of saying something and meaning another
narrative poem designed to be sung, composed by an anonymous author, and transmitted orally for years or generations before being written down
The is no external pattern but there is often an implied of "felt" pattern. nonmetrical poetry in which the basic rhythmic unit is the line, and in which pauses, line breaks, and formal patterns develop organically from the requirements of the individual poem rather than from established
a figure of speech in which exaggeration is used in the service of truth
the representation through language of sense experience
a figure of speech in which what is meant is the opposite of what is said
a device by which the author implies a different meaning from that intended by the speaker in a literary work
a situation in which there is an incongruity between actual circumstances and those that would seem appropriate, or between what is anticipated and what actually comes to pass
a sonnet consisting of an octave rhyming ABBAABBA and of a sestet using any arrangement of two or three additional rhymes, such as CDCDCD or CDECDE
a figure of speech in which an implicit comparison is made between two things essentially unlike
figure of speech in which some significant aspect or detail of an experience is used to represent the whole experience
the use of words that supposedly mimic their meaning in their sound (boom, click, pop)
a compact paradox in which two successive words seemingly contradict each other
a statement or situation containing apparently contradictory or incompatible elements
a figure of speech in which human attributes are given to an animal, an object, or concept
a four-line stanza; a four-line division of a sonnet marked off by its rhyme scheme
poetry using artificially eloquent language; that is, language too high-flown for its occasion and unfaithful to the full complexity of human experience
any wavelike recurrence of motion or sound
the repetition of the accented vowel sound and all succeeding sounds in important or importantly positioned words
a kind of literature that ridicules human folly or vice with the ostensible purpose of bringing about reform or of keeping others from falling into similar folly or vice
a figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two things essentially unlike. (like, as, than)
a fixed form of 14 lines, normally iambic pentameter, with a rhyme scheme conforming to one of two types either Italian or English
the internal organization of a poem's content
the writer's or speaker's attitude toward the subject, the audience, or herself or himself; the emotional coloring, or emotional meaning of a work
is the representation of one thing by another thing. A statue is an image. Figurative language is a another word to describe the word_____________
Find the Example of Figurative Language
As I tugged on its leash, my suitcase followed behind me like a large reluctant dog.
example of a characteristic of prose
it is printed or written with margins whereas poetry often ignores the margins, especially the right margin. Additionally, some words and even parts of words when spoken are stressed while others are unstressed
a pattern set up and rigorously followed through the poem
disruption of expectations
Word choice. The words a poet chooses contributes to the poems effect.
The person or agent speaking in the poem gives the poem its voice.
a brief concentrated poem with single subject, focus, voice with simple musicality.
Longer than some poems, it is usually a slowly unfolding description of some event and often includes humor. It is easy to read and is usually sequential.
Long ago poets wrote these very long poems. They include heroic figures, a dignified theme, organic unity and an orderly progress of events. Modern long poems do not fall into this category.
This is a poetry form..A Pattern is set up and rigorously followed throughout the poem
This is a poetry form... There is no external pattern, but there is often an implied of "felt" pattern.
The formality, informality, humor all contribute to the poems effect
Types of Rhymes
Slant Rhyme- example- bit and hat
Exact Rhyme- example- love and glove
When things really rhyme we call them this kind of rhyme.
Different Rhyming patterns
Couplet, Triplet, Quatrain, Terza Rima and Spencerian Sonnet
Taken as a whole, the stressed/unstressed sounds in a poem are what give a poem its rhythm, which in poetic terms is called this term.
The combination of non-existent margins and stressed and unstressed sounds(meter) are part of what makes a poem different from poetry.
Modern Free Verse
Does not rely on meter, often pays more attention to the shape of the poem instead of the sound of the poem.