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776 BCE

the first recorded year in which the ancient Olympic games took place

Zeus

god of all Greek gods; the Olympics were held to honor him

Olympia

the site of the early Olympic games (and the origin of the name "Olympics")

Olympic truce

an ending of wars for a month surrounding the games in order to allow spectators to travel safely and soldiers to compete in the Olympics

Olympiad

a period of 4 years between
Olympic games

stade

a foot race - the only event in the first Olympic games

olive wreaths

the reward for winning an Olympic event

amphora

large jar filled with olive oil or celery sticks; carried by marathon runners

javelin, discuss, long jump, running and wrestling

the 5 events of the pentathlon

pankration

cross between boxing and wrestling

hoplitodromos (hoplite)

a race run by men carrying shields and wearing armor

fines

the punishment for cheating in the ancient Olympics

chariot racing

the only event that women were allowed to compete in

Panhellenic Games

a series of 4 different religious festivals that took place in ancient Greece

Pheidippides

Greek runner who ran from Marathon to Athens to announce victory over the Persians

palaestra

large gym with a sand floor where athletes trained for a month prior to the start of competition

strigil

a tool used to wipe the sweat off of athletes

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