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Arabian Peninsula

a desert, Arabs/Bedouins live here

Mecca

This city was the center of polytheistic Arab religion

Medina, Yathrib

This city was where Muhammad made the Hijrah to

Muhammad

the founder of Islam; a prophet to whom the angel Gabriel spoke

Kadija

Muhammad's wife

Fatima

Muhammad's daughter

The Rightly Guided Caliphs

what the first 4 caliphs were called

Caliph

Islam's version of a pope

Abu Bakr

He wrote the Koran

Sunnis

the majority of Muslims belong to this division of Islam

Shi'ites

about 10% of Muslims belong to this division of Islam

The Five Pillars

these are the core of Islam

Ramadan

this is the month when Muslims must fast

Hajj

this is the pilgrimage to Mecca every Muslim must make in their lifetime

Shari'ah

all the rules in Islam on how society should work

Imam

Islam's version of a priest

Mosque

Islam's version of a church

Jihad

"struggle"; there is a greater and lesser form of this; this term is often associated with terrorists

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