Sample Test Questions ANCC - PMHNP

25 terms by ahnatow 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

A patient with borderline personality disorder experiences intense anxiety when an adult psychiatric and mental health nurse practitioner goes on vacation. The best explanation for this reaction is that the patient:
A. has failed to develop clear ego boundaries.
B. has failed to master object constancy.
C. is employing primitive idealization.
D. is employing projective identification.

B. has failed to master object constancy

2. A patient has been taking escitalopram (Lexapro) 10 mg daily for four weeks. Initially, the patient reported depression and suicidal thoughts. The patient's sleep, appetite, energy, and appearance have now begun to improve. Which statement applies to this patient?
A. The medication should be discontinued.
B. The medication should be increased.
C. The patient's risk for suicide is not a concern.
D. The patient's suicide potential is increased.

D. The patient's suicide potential is increased.

3. Which behavior reflects existentially oriented therapy?
A. Attempting to understand a patient's subjective world
B. Challenging a patient's irrational beliefs
C. Developing specific plans for change
D. Establishing general group goals

A. Attempting to understand a patient's subjective world

4. Serving as a member on a crisis team, an adult psychiatric and mental health nurse practitioner provides crisis intervention to the survivors of a plane crash. Forty-eight hours after the accident, the survivors describe vivid flashbacks, startle reactions, and disrupted sleep patterns. The nurse practitioner responds by:
A. advising the survivors to consider using a hypnotic medication for a brief period.
B. educating the survivors about prodromal symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder.
C. encouraging the survivors to rest during the day.
D. suggesting that the survivors join a posttrauma support group.

B. educating the survivors about prodromal symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder.

5. An adult psychiatric and mental health nurse practitioner uses the interpersonal therapy model with a patient to establish a therapeutic alliance based upon empathy and trust. The nurse practitioner recognizes the patient's readiness to terminate therapy when the patient demonstrates:
A. an understanding that leaving a significant other may be painful, but also presents an opportunity for growth.
B. breathing and muscle relaxation exercises that decrease muscle tension and anxiety.
C. free association, and considers the nurse practitioner's interpretation of the patient's dreams.
D. new adaptive skills and responses after completing "homework assignments."

A. an understanding that leaving a significant other may be painful, but also presents an opportunity for growth.

6. An Hispanic patient informs an adult psychiatric and mental health nurse practitioner during a wellness visit that he or she occasionally uses hot chili juice to relieve a "nervous condition." The patient denies any complaints related to this practice. The nurse practitioner's response is to:
A. actively discourage the patient from continuing this treatment.
B. offer a medication to treat the nervous condition.
C. suggest an alternative food to relieve the nervous condition.
D. view this as a self-care ritual that needs to be preserved.

D. view this as a self-care ritual that needs to be preserved.

7. Before an older adult patient initiates pharmacotherapy with a medication that is cleared by the kidneys, an adult psychiatric and mental health nurse practitioner assesses the patient's:
A. blood urea nitrogen level.
B. creatinine clearance.
C. specific gravity.
D. urinary sediment.

B. creatinine clearance.

8. An adult psychiatric and mental health nurse practitioner uses a cognitive-behavioral approach to help an adolescent patient change self-defeating behaviors. After identifying the initial stressor that is causing the inappropriate behavior, the therapeutic intervention is to identify:
A. alternative positive responses to the stressor.
B. negative consequences of the behavioral response to the stressor.
C. possible outcomes of alternative responses.
D. rational and irrational beliefs about the stressor.

D. rational and irrational beliefs about the stressor.

9. Which characteristic of fluoxetine (Prozac) provides the greatest degree of safety for patients who have severe depression?
A. Greater efficacy than tricyclic antidepressants
B. Less potential for drug interaction
C. Less potential for injury with intentional overdose
D. Less potential for suicidal thinking

C. Less potential for injury with intentional overdose

10. When lobbying a local congressional representative to include nurse practitioners in reimbursement for services in all areas of the country, an adult psychiatric and mental health nurse practitioner emphasizes the:
A. ability of nurse practitioners to provide health care that patients need.
B. fact that nurse practitioners are caring in their patient care delivery.
C. importance of broadening the scope of nursing practice.
D. necessity of offering equivalent services both to urban and rural patients.

A. ability of nurse practitioners to provide health care that patients need.

11. For 12 years, a 65-year-old patient with bipolar affective disorder has been treated with lithium (Eskalith) 900 mg daily. When oral hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 12.5 mg daily is added for hypertension, the patient develops nausea, vomiting, ataxia, and muscle weakness and the patient's serum lithium level is 2.0 mEq/L. The interaction of the lithium and the thiazide diuretic has induced:
A. hypokalemia.
B. hyponatremia.
C. increased renal clearance of lithium.
D. reduced renal clearance of lithium.

D. reduced renal clearance of lithium.

12. Which statement by a male patient who has posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and chronic persistent suicidal ideation indicates a need for hospital assessment?
A. "I feel so bad all the time. I wish I were dead."
B. "My wife is so scared that she has taken all my guns out of the house."
C. "My wife just left with the children. I have no one left and no future."
D. "Those medications you gave me make me feel worse. I stopped taking them."

C. "My wife just left with the children. I have no one left and no future."

13. A male patient informs an adult psychiatric and mental health nurse practitioner that he has not slept in three days, has poor concentration, and denies fatigue. The patient's diagnosis is:
A. attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
B. bipolar disorder.
C. panic disorder.
D. primary insomnia.

B. bipolar disorder.

14. During patient education about sertraline (Zoloft), an adult psychiatric and mental health nurse practitioner focuses upon the potential side effect of:
A. agranulocytosis.
B. hypernatremia.
C. sexual dysfunction.
D. weight loss.

C. sexual dysfunction

15. The neurochemical pathophysiology of Tourette disorder involves:
A. decreased levels of gamma-aminobutyric acid and increased levels of glutamate in the brain.
B. deficits in the prefrontal cortex-mediated executive functions of the brain.
C. imbalances in dopaminergic, serotonergic, and noradrenergic systems in multiple regions of the brain.
D. overstimulation of noradrenergic activity located in the locus coeruleus of the brain.

C. imbalances in dopaminergic, serotonergic, and noradrenergic systems in multiple regions of the brain.

16. Before implementing evidence-based practice changes, an adult psychiatric and mental health nurse practitioner's initial action is to:
A. brainstorm with stakeholders and draft a detailed problem list.
B. compare data with internal and external benchmarks, and coordinate ongoing education.
C. facilitate a collaborative multidisciplinary group to synthesize evidence and compare key themes.
D. identify potential barriers and facilitators that reflect patients' values and expectations.

D. identify potential barriers and facilitators that reflect patients' values and expectations.

17. Symptoms of anxiety and panic are associated with a low level of which neurotransmitter?
A. Cortisol
B. Dopamine
C. Gamma-aminobutyric acid
D. Glutamate

C. Gamma-aminobutyric acid

18. An outpatient mental health clinic-based adult psychiatric and mental health nurse practitioner treats a 32-year-old patient who has diabetes and a major depressive disorder. The patient reports an improved and stable mood on a trial of duloxetine (Cymbalta), but experiences continued neuropathic pain. The nurse practitioner's initial intervention is to:
A. add gabapentin (Neurontin) to the treatment regimen.
B. conduct additional diagnostic tests.
C. contact the patient's endocrinologist.
D. increase the dosage of duloxetine (Cymbalta).

D. increase the dosage of duloxetine (Cymbalta).

19. According to current clinical guidelines for treating a patient with bipolar I disorder mania with psychotic features, an adult psychiatric and mental health nurse practitioner prescribes:
A. alprazolam (Xanax).
B. citalopram (Celexa).
C. lamotrigine (Lamictal).
D. quetiapine (Seroquel).

D. quetiapine (Seroquel).

20. A hospital-based adult psychiatric and mental health nurse practitioner collaborates with a multidisciplinary team that is charged with establishing a psychiatric outpatient clinic. Advocating for the role of advanced practice nurses, the nurse practitioner initially educates the team that advanced practice nurses:
A. are readily available to meet patient needs.
B. can autonomously provide a full range of comprehensive services.
C. can perform case management functions.
D. provide cost-effective care delivery.

B. can autonomously provide a full range of comprehensive services.

21. Which nonpharmacologic treatment modality is recommended for depression?
A. Biofeedback
B. Dialectical behavioral therapy
C. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy
D. Supportive group therapy

D. Supportive group therapy

22. An adult psychiatric and mental health nurse practitioner is using rational emotive therapy to treat a patient with depression and anxiety. An effective strategy for helping the patient recognize the connections between affect, cognition, and behavior is to:
A. focus on mindfulness techniques.
B. provide an injunction to address assumptions.
C. reinforce behaviors that have a sense of self-efficacy.
D. substitute reality-oriented interpretations for the distorted thoughts.

D. substitute reality-oriented interpretations for the distorted thoughts.

23. An adult psychiatric and mental health nurse practitioner is a member of a mental health advisory board in an area where many patients with mental illness are indigent. The nurse practitioner also owns stock in a corporation that provides psychiatric care in the area. When the advisory board votes to recommend a site for a mental health clinic in which nursing services will be expanded, the nurse practitioner's action is to:
A. abstain from casting a vote.
B. vote and influence the board members' decisions, because public health care needs are at stake.
C. vote in support of the least expensive proposal, considering the indigent population.
D. vote in support of the proposal and offer to provide personal consultations.

A. abstain from casting a vote.

24. A 16-year-old male patient is hospitalized for depression after attempting suicide by overdose. Several days later, the patient reports feeling less depressed and having fewer suicidal thoughts, but begins to threaten suicide "if things do not work out." Nursing staff members report feeling resentful and manipulated, but fear for the patient's safety. The adult psychiatric and mental health nurse practitioner's intervention is to:
A. assist the staff in developing a treatment plan that limits contact with the patient to one person per shift.
B. develop a "no suicide" pact with the patient to decrease his helplessness and increase his feelings of control.
C. encourage the patient to express his fears of improving and being abandoned or of leaving the safe environment.
D. increase supervision and restrict milieu participation to decrease the secondary gain from manipulation.

C. encourage the patient to express his fears of improving and being abandoned or of leaving the safe environment.

25. A mother telephones an adult psychiatric and mental health nurse practitioner to report that her 13-year-old son has been unusually active, irritable, and unable to sleep for more than a few hours each night. The adolescent has been diagnosed with a major depressive disorder and has been taking fluoxetine (Prozac) for six weeks. The nurse practitioner is most concerned about the possibility that:
A. a therapeutic level of the drug has not been reached.
B. an addition of hypnotic medication is warranted.
C. the adolescent has been misdiagnosed.
D. the adolescent is experiencing side effects.

C. the adolescent has been misdiagnosed.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set