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Which of the following statements concerning the brain is true?

The blood-brain barrier maintains a stable chemical environment for the brain

Which of the following results from stimulation by the sympathetic nervous system?

Release of glucose from liver

When you are very nervous, your mouth is dry and your heart is racing. This is most likely due to stimulation by

Sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system

The signal that crosses a synapse is stopped when

The neurotransmitter is enzymatically broken down/ transported back to signaling cells

During transmission across a typical chemical synapse

Neurotransmitter molecules bind to receptors in the receiving cell's plasma membrane

The autonomic nervous system

Regulates the internal environment of the body

The enteric division of the autonomic nervous system consists of neurons in the digestive tract, the gallbladder, and the

Pancreas

The gap between the transmitting and receiving neurons in a chemical synapse is known as the

Synaptic cleft

Which of the following regarding the peripheral nervous system is true?

Nerves are part of this system

Which division of the human nervous system carries signals to skeletal muscle?

Somatic nervous system

Which of the following results from stimulation by the parasympathetic nervous system?

Stimulation of saliva production

Which of the following regarding the nervous system is true?

Motor Neurons Convey Signals from CNS to effector cells

The functional unit of the nervous system is

Neuron

Once the threshold potential is reached

Action potential is inevitable

Nervous System effector cells

Perform in response to signals from integration centers

What part of the nerve cell carries signals toward the part of the cell that houses the nucleus?

Dendrite

The speed of impulse conduction along an axon may be increased by

The nodes of Ranvier

Multiple Sclerosis results from an immune system disorder that primarily involves

Destruction of myelin sheath

Action potential normally travel along an axon

Away from the cell body

Sensory input is one of the nervous system's interconnected functions that

Conducts signals from sensory receptors to integration centers

The central communication conduit between the brain and the rest of the body is

Spinal Cord

Two major anatomical divisions of the nervous system are

Central nervous system and peripheral nervous system

What part of the brain sorts information into categories before relaying it to the cerebral cortex?

Thalamus

Which of the following brain regions controls the secretion of the pituitary hormones and exerts direct control over many other aspects of homeostasis?

Hypothalamus

The brain of humans is strongly oriented toward the interpretation of

vision

What region of the brain stops breathing?

Medulla oblongata and pons

Which of the following correctly represents a structure/ function correlation?

Somatic cortex receives and integrates signals about touch, pain, temperature, and pressure

Our emotions, learning, and memory depend on

Limbic system

Schizophrenia

Is a state where the patient can no longer distinguish what is real

Our biological clock is housed within

Hypothalamus

What part of the brain serves as a memory filter?

Amygdala

Which of the following brain regions is responsible for rapid coordination of muscle activity?

Cerebellum

Which of the following statements is true?

The transfer of information from short term to long term memory is enhanced by rehearsal

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