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Mr. Bissell Vocabulary ♥

Allegory

a story in which characters, the setting(s), and the main events represent/symbolize something else.

Alliteration

use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable.

Allusion

a reference to another work of literature (such as a short story, poem, novel, or play). the purpose is to give the reader a better idea.

Antagonist

the most prominent of the characters who oppose the protagonist in a narrative or drama, often a villain seeking to frustrate the protagonist, can be a force of nature. example: Jack from LOTF.

Anti-Hero

protagonist who has qualities opposite to those normally expected from a hero, such as stupidity, insecurity, dishonesty, and cowardliness. example: Holden is lazy, irresponsible, negative, drinks/smokes, outcast, etc.

Argument

gathering of evidence to support a specific P.O.V.

Assonance

the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllable. example: Alfonso ate apples and animal characters.

Illustration

a synonym for evidence, example, concrete detail, fact; used to develop or clarify an idea, enables writers to show readers what they mean exactly.

Climax

highest point in a series of "dramatic" events, turning point.

Denouement

"winding down" of action in a play, final resolution of the main conflict, occurring directly after the climax.

Diction

author's word choice.

Characterization

the development of a character(s) through their speech, action, thoughts, and physical appearance.

Foreshadowing

point in the story that gives that gives a clue or hint as to what will happen in the future.

Situational Irony

contrast between what is expected to happen and what actually does happen. example: Necklace & Lottery.

Dramatic Irony

readers know more about a situation or character in a story than the characters do. example: Cask of Amontillado.

Verbal Irony

when someone states something but implies another meaning: double meaning in what a character says, audience/reader understands hidden meaning contrast to the character spoken to.

Figurative Language

language that communicates meaning beyond the literal level of what is being expressed, used to create effects, emphasizes ideas, evokes emotions, etc. example: hyperbole, metaphor, simile personification.

Foil

when two characters or ideas contrast to emphasize the difference between the two.

Imagery

descriptive writing that paints a picture for the reader and appeals to the five senses. (sight, sound, feels, taste, smell.)

Tragedy

drama that recounts that downfall of dignified, superior character who is involved in historically or socially significant events.

Tragic Hero

protagonist who is in conflict w/ an opposing character or force but has a downfall that leads to catastrophe.

Irony

opposite of what we expect
- situational: situation turns opposite of what happened
- verbal: opposite of what you say
- dramatic: know something the character doesn't know

Tragic Flaw

possessed by the tragic hero; causes or contributes to his or her downfall that leads to catastrophe.

Metaphor

comparison of two different things, using "is."

Oxymoron

conjoining contradictory terms. example: as in 'deafening silence'.

Parallelism

when ideas, situations, images, and conflicts mirrors one another. example: Holden parallels "the lunatic" from the Bible/kid in the street/darkness in Central Park (darkness in Holden's thoughts.)

Point of View (3 types)

perspective from which a story is narrated.
»First Person - narrator speaks using "I." "me" etc.
»Second Person - "you" etc.
»Third Person - "he" "she" etc.

Hyperbole

a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion or make a point. example: I was so nervous, i was sweating bullets.

Pathos

writing that causes the reader to feel pity or sadness: the power of stirring tender emotions.

Sonnett

14 lines, love poem, accent on every other syllable, 5 syllables per line, lyric poem, 14 lines, with a rhyme scheme, (abab cdcd efef gg) Shakespeare sonnet

Thesis

main claim, directly of a dignified, superior character who is involved in historically or socially significant events.

Tone

the author's emotional mood in the story.

Mood

the feeling or atmosphere the author creates for the reader.

Theme

main topic of a story.

Symbolism

something that represents something else. object, idea, or action.

Soliloquy

speech within a dramatic piece (play) in which a character converses with him/herself, revealing his/her thoughts to the audience.

Simile

comparison using like or as. example: He ran like the wind.

Monologue

long, uninterrupted speech made by one person.

Conflict

things that occur that lead to something else or gets in the way of something else happening; struggle between both sides. examples: (person vs. person/society, person vs. nature, person vs. technology, person vs. self, etc.)

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