psychology 101 part 1

Created by krystir1 

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30 terms

"Impulsive," "mellow," and "shy" are all adjectives that can be used to represent

personality traits

Which of the following is not considered to be a psychodynamic theory of personality

Rogers' client-centered psychology

which one of the following types of human responses is most likely to be governed by classical conditioning?

emotional

According to Maslow, which of the following categories of needs must be met first

safety

Results of twin studies have supported eysenck's theory that personality is largely inherited by showing that

identical twins are more similar in personality than fraternal twins

Test norms provide information about

where a score ranks in the relation to other scores

The emerging consensus among contemporary researchers is that stress is

a special stimulus-response transaction in which one feels threatened

one accepted definition of stress is

any circumstance that threatens well-being and taxes coping abilities.

which if the following may be a significant cause of stress for ethnic minorities in Western societies

effects of subtle discrimination

which of the following is not a major source of stress described in your textbook?

socialization

The four major types of stress described in your textbook are

frustration, internal conflict, pressure, and change

which of the following researchers designed a scale to measure pressure as a form of life stress

Wayne Weiten

Baumeister's research suggests that a narcissist who experiences an ego threat is likely to

become aggressive or violent

_______ helps to explain the ability to pick out our name in a room full of chattering people.

Selective attention

Research suggests that people who attribute their failures to internal causes while discounting external causes may be more prone to _______ than people who display opposite tendencies

depression

In the _____stage of the general adaption syndrome, the body attempts to adapt to continued stress

resistance

Research findings indicate that on a cognitive task, stress may increase one's tendency to

jump to conclusions too quickly

Physical, mental, and emotional exhaustion due to work-related stress is called

burnout

research reveals that stress often contributes to the onset of al but which of the following?

autistic disorder

Social support involves

various types of aid from one's social networks

the adaptive value of a coping technique depends on the

nature of the situation

researchers have argued that ______ is a desirable quality in applying coping strategies across various situations

flexibility

Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test authors are striving to make this test

a performance based measure of the ability to deal effectively with emotions

According to Herbert Benson, the relaxation response is not aided by an

active attitude

Freud believed that defence mechanisms operate at

the unconscious level only

in making projections about the future, "normal" people are more likely that depressed people to

be unrealistically optimistic

The first step in attempting to use your time more effectively is to

monitor your use of time

Hazel Markus uses the term ______ selves to refer to one's conceptions about the kind of person one might become in the future

possible

as actual-ideal discrepancies outnumber actual-ideal congruencies, cheerfulness decreases and

sadness increases

People who tend to attribute their setbacks to external, unstable, specific factors are exhibiting

an optimistic explanatory style

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